如何清晰地思考,变得更聪明
How to Think Clearly and Become Smarter
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2021-03-01 09:36
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火星译客

One of the most tasking, yet valuable skills, is the ability to think clearly. The skill is self-taught as no school will teach you its methodologies. People who learn how to think clearly maximize the benefits, while those who fail to do so pay for the consequences.

最重要的任务之一,但有价值的技能,是有能力清楚地思考。这种技能是自学的,因为没有一所学校会教你它的方法。学会清晰思考的人会最大限度地获得好处,而那些没有做到这一点的人则会为后果付出代价。

With unclear thinking, you will spend most of your time trying to correct mistakes. If you want to make informed and smart decisions, you need to learn how to think clearly.

在思维不清的情况下,你会把大部分时间花在改正错误上。如果你想做出明智明智的决定,你需要学会清晰地思考。

How Do You Learn to Think?

你是怎么学会思考的?

This question applies to different concepts. It could mean how to think intuitively and critically, how to resolve an issue, how to make smart decisions, how to innovate, memorize, learn, study, discuss, or plan.

这个问题适用于不同的概念。它可能意味着如何直观和批判性地思考,如何解决一个问题,如何做出明智的决定,如何创新,记忆,学习,学习,讨论或计划。

The major challenge most times is not learning how to think, but discarding irrational thoughts.

多数时候,主要的挑战不是学习如何思考,而是抛弃非理性的思想。

If you assess the question, ‘How do you learn to think?' from the other side of the coin, it could also mean how to be open, how not to have prejudices or be judgmental, how to communicate effectively with others, how not to practice emotional thinking, how to avoid making assumptions or arriving at a quick conclusion, how to avoid labeling people or practice name-calling, how to see the world from a better perspective, how to be conscious of what's going in the environment and know what the future holds.

如果你评估这个问题,“你是如何学会思考的?”从另一个角度看,它也可能意味着如何开放,如何不带有偏见或判断,如何有效地与他人沟通,如何不进行情感思考,如何避免做出假设或迅速得出结论,如何避免给人贴上标签或实践名号,如何从更好的角度看待世界,如何意识到环境中正在发生的事情,以及如何知道未来会发生什么。

All these begin with learning how to think. According to Descartes,

所有这些都是从学习如何思考开始的。根据笛卡尔的说法

“I think. Therefore I am.”

”我想。因此,我是。“

Your thinking determines the quality of your being and your living.

你的思想决定了你的存在和生活的质量。

So how do you learn how to think?

那么你是如何学会思考的呢?

Start by analyzing your thoughts, identifying your thought pattern, and thinking errors. You can also discover learning tools that boost your morale about steps to take in learning new concepts. For instance, you can practice by analyzing the pros and cons of any topic. You will improve as you spend more time learning how to think.

首先分析你的想法,找出你的思维模式和思维错误。您还可以发现一些学习工具,这些工具可以提高您的士气,了解学习新概念的步骤。例如,你可以通过分析任何话题的利弊来练习。当你花更多的时间学习如何思考时,你会进步的。

Here're 6 time-tested ways to learn how to think clearly:

以下是6种经过反复验证的学习方法,以清楚地思考问题:

1. Take a Deep Breath

1.深呼吸

This is the first step. Your body regains its balance when that oxygen flows through your respiratory tract to your neural network.

这是第一步。当氧气通过你的呼吸道流向你的神经网络时,你的身体就会恢复平衡。

Your body will find calmness by taking a large breath and your brain will be enhanced to think more clearly.

你的身体会通过大呼吸获得平静,你的大脑也会增强,更清晰地思考。

2. Organize Your Thought By Listing

2.写出你的想法

Anytime you discover many thoughts running through your mind, there's a need to get organized.

每当你发现许多想法贯穿你的脑海时,你就需要组织起来。

It is possible to list those things in your head. That way, you will generate a list that can help you on how to think clearly.

在你的脑海里列出那些事情是可能的。这样,您将生成一个列表,可以帮助您如何清楚地思考。

Here's an example:

下面是一个例子:

  • Do the laundry
  • Wash the car
  • Fix the PC
  • Read the book
  • 洗衣服
  • 把车洗了
  • 修复电脑
  • 读了这本书

Organizing your thought with mental listicles will help think clearly and become smarter.

用思维语言组织你的思想,将有助于你清晰地思考并变得更聪明。

3. Assess Your Attitude

3.评估你的态度

Have you ever wondered how your focus correlates with your desires?

你有没有想过你的注意力和你的欲望有什么关系?

For instance, imagine how you can brainstorm several ways and techniques to achieve your goal when you are determined to achieve it. The same approach applies to when you don't want to attain a goal, and you focus on its negatives – why it's a bad idea to desire such a goal.

例如,想象一下,当你决心要达到目标时,你可以头脑风暴出几种方法和技巧来实现你的目标。同样的方法也适用于当你不想达到一个目标的时候,你把注意力集中在它的消极方面--为什么渴望这样一个目标是个坏主意。

Ifyou're going to achieve a clear focus and thinking, you will need to be sincere with yourself. What do you want from life? Why do you want it? This may take much of your time in the beginning, but you will realize that clarity of goals will help you learn how to think clearly.

如果你要实现一个清晰的焦点和思考,你将需要对自己真诚。你想从生活中得到什么?你为什么想要它?这可能需要你在开始的时候花很多时间,但你会意识到,明确的目标将帮助你学习如何清楚地思考。

4. Be Specific with Your Goals

4.明确你的目标

It takes specificity to achieve any goal in life. The reason is you can't think about the direction of a moving object.

要实现生活中的任何目标,都需要具体。原因是你不能考虑运动物体的方向。

As long as you keep changing your goals, you will keep mounting pressure on your brain to change its laser focus. This can only make you lose direction.

只要你不断地改变你的目标,你就会不断地对你的大脑施加压力来改变它的激光焦点。这只会让你迷失方向。

To maintain specificity, take a nap for some minutes and write those goals down as clearly as possible.

为了保持具体性,小睡几分钟,并尽可能清楚地写下这些目标。

5. Leverage Your Passion for Taking Charge of Your Emotions

5.利用你的精神来控制你的情绪

There's a rationale behind this statement. As you strive to become smarter and better, your passion surmounts challenges as it becomes consumed with the pleasure that comes with actualizing the goal.

这个说法是有道理的。当你努力变得更聪明和更好的时候,你的精神战胜了挑战,因为你的精神被实现目标所带来的快乐所消耗。

Your emotions, on the other end, can be submerged in the pool of those challenges as they feel the pain to ‘failures of losing that goal.' You need to press on and use your passion to control your emotions to achieve clarity in your thought pattern.

另一方面,你的情绪可以淹没在这些挑战的池子里,因为它们感受到了“失去目标的失败”的痛苦。你需要继续努力,用你的精神来控制你的情绪,以达到你思维模式的清晰。

6. Utilize Your Negative Thinking to Generate Positive Action

6.利用你的消极思维来产生积极的行动

Oh yes! It's possible. Do you know your negative thought pattern is an asset?

哦,是的!这是有可能的。你知道你的消极思维模式是一种资产吗?

Negative thinking is the code that can unlock your imagination to actualize your desires.

消极思维是一种代码,可以释放你的想象力来实现你的欲望

Anytime you think ‘why not?', then switch by thinking ‘how to?'. This approach will fire your imagination up to redirect your negative thinking in producing positive actions.

每当你想“为什么不?”时,就用“怎么做?”来转换。这种方法会激发你的想象力,重新引导你的消极思维,产生积极的行动。

Instead of focusing on the reasons you may not progress with your career, you can stimulate your thoughts by thinking of ‘How To' become successful in that career.

你可以通过思考“如何”在职业生涯中取得成功来激发你的想法,而不是专注于你的事业可能没有进展的原因。

Also, delete every negativity in your mind. Negative thoughts will prevent your mind power from flowing to take the right step in the line of your goal. So, keep your head clear, especially when processing an idea.

同时,删除你脑海中的每一个消极。消极的思想会阻止你的思想力量在你的目标线上迈出正确的一步。所以,保持头脑清醒,特别是在处理一个想法的时候。

The awareness of these six steps will help you learn how to think and become smarter. But that's not enough! You will need first to shift your paradigms.

意识到这六个步骤将帮助你学习如何思考和变得更聪明。但这还不够!你首先需要改变你的范式

How to Train Your Brain to Think Differently

如何训练你的大脑以不同的方式思考

Based on some findings that were published in Translational Psychiatry, MRIs was used to check the changes in the brain of individuals with schizophrenia. After treating them for six months, the more neural connection was discovered between their amygdala — which coordinates emotion on the brain, and their prefrontal cortex — which oversees high order thinking. The changes had a long-lasting effect

基于在“翻译精神病学”上发表的一些发现,磁共振成像被用来检查精神分裂症患者大脑的变化。经过6个月的治疗后,他们的杏仁核--协调大脑情绪的杏仁核--和负责高级思维的前额叶皮层之间发现了更多的神经联系。这些变化产生了长期的影响。

In another study, people battling with social anxiety disordered had a decrease in brain activity and volume in their amygdalae after nine weeks of online cognitive behavioral therapy(CBT). It was also discovered that CBT helps in reconfiguring the brain in individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder and depression as well.

在另一项研究中,与社交焦虑作斗争的人在接受在线认知行为治疗(CBT)9周后,大脑活动和杏仁核体积减少。研究还发现,CBT有助于创伤后应激障碍和抑郁症患者的大脑重构。

So what are the CBT therapeutic skills recommended? Here are three of them to help you train your mind to think in new ways.

那么CBT的治疗技巧推荐什么呢?这里有三种方法可以帮助你训练你的思维,让你以新的方式思考。

1. Prove Yourself Wrong

1.证明自己是错的

Sometimes, your brain tells you lies. So when it comes to that limiting thought that you can't complete your degree or you can't finish reading that book, take it up as a challenge.

有时候,你的大脑会告诉你谎言。因此,当你不能完成你的学位或者你无法读完那本书的限制想法时,把它当作一个挑战。

Stretch yourself some more after you think you have reached your tipping point. Or challenge yourself to keep reading the next page until you get to the last page.

当你认为自己已经达到临界点时,再伸展一下身体。或者挑战自己继续阅读下一页,直到你读到最后一页。

Each time you nullify the negative prophecy, you'll train your mind to think in a new way and see possibilities. In no time, your brain will begin to develop a new paradigm by understanding your capabilities and limitations from a different perspective.

每一次你否定消极的预言,你都会训练你的头脑以一种新的方式去思考,并看到可能性。在任何时候,你的大脑将开始发展一个新的范例,从不同的角度理解你的能力和限制。

2. Create Your Mantra

2.创造你的咒语

Do you think limiting thoughts? Or do you discourage yourself from attempting a challenge where you think you might fail?

你认为限制思想吗?还是你不鼓励自己去尝试一个你认为可能失败的挑战?

You need to curate your mantra that you can utilize to talk down the negative messages. You can repeat things such as “Beat the best” or Do the impossible!”. These words will discard every form of negativity and limiting thoughts.

你需要管理你的咒语,你可以利用它来降低负面信息。你可以重复诸如“打败最好”或做不可能的事情!“这些话将抛弃每一种形式的消极和限制思想。

As you begin to speak positively, you will outgrow the negative thoughts and subsequently gain clarity in your thought pattern.

当你开始积极地说话时,你将超越消极的想法,然后在你的思维模式中获得清晰。

3. Reframe Your Negative Thought Pattern

3.重塑你消极的思维模式

Thinking things such as “I'm such an idiot,” or “this will never become successful” is not helpful. Every negative prophecy becomes self-fulfilling if there is no positive action taken to negate it. You cannot take a giant step with belittling thought.

思考诸如“我是如此的白 痴”或“这永远不会成功”这样的想法是没有帮助的。如果不采取积极的行动来否定消极的预言,那么每一个消极的预 言都会自我实现。你不能用轻蔑的思想迈出一大步。

Here's the good news:

好消息是:

You can negate the negative thoughts with a true statement. When you think, “I'm not going to amount to anything in life,” speak to that thought,” if I keep trying, I will be what I want to be.'

你可以用一句真实的话来否定消极的想法。当你想,“我在生活中没有意义,”对这个想法说,“如果我继续努力,我就会成为我想做的人。”

When you think,” This is going to end in tears,” look at yourself in the mirror and say, it will turn out a success. Establish a more realistic statement by reframing your mindset. The more you do this, the more you become smarter.

当你想,“这将以眼泪结束”,看着自己对着镜子说,这将是一个成功。通过重塑你的心态来建立一个更现实的陈述。你做的越多,你就越聪明。

The Bottom Line

底线

Since every new skill requires constant practice, pay the sacrifice by putting these steps to work.

因为每一项新技能都需要不断的练习,所以要付出代价,让这些步骤发挥作用。

The more you practice clear thinking, the more you will build your mental muscle. Also, your brain will undergo changes that will positively impact you.

你越多地练习清晰的思维,你就越能建立你的精神肌肉。同时,你的大脑也会经历一些对你有积极影响的变化。

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