Stereotypes measurably influence how we treat each other
固有印象会显著影响我们待人接物的方式
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2018-09-16 00:01
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Our race, ethnicity, nationality, gender, socio-economic class and physical appearance can determine whether or not we get a break in life. But how big a role do social stereotypes really play when it comes to landing a job, loan, university spot or other opportunity?

我们的种族、民族、国籍、性别、社会经济阶层和外貌可以决定我们在生活中是否能够时来运转。 但是,当涉及到找工作、贷款、上大学或其他机会时,社交固有印象真正能够发挥多大的作用呢?

UC Berkeley neuroscientist Ming Hsu and fellow researchers have built a computational model that can predict the degree to which we discriminate against one another based on our stereotypes of groups according to their perceived warmth and competence.

加州大学伯克利分校的神经科学家Ming Hsu及其研究小组中的研究人员建立了一个计算模型,该模型基于我们对群体的固有印象(固有印象是通过我们对某一群体表现出的热情和蔼程度和能力而建立的)来预测我们彼此歧视的程度。

For example, in one experiment known as the "dictator game" study participants allotted more of their money to a player characterized as Irish, whom they viewed as warm, than to an English player, whom they viewed as more competent but less warm. This bias resulted in measurable benefits for members of the group perceived as warmer.

例如,在一项名为“独裁者游戏”的实验中,研究参与者将更多的钱分配给了一个爱尔兰玩家,他们认为爱尔兰玩家比看起来更有能力但不热情的英国玩家更和蔼友善。这种偏见给被认为更和蔼友善的群体成员带来了可观的收益。

"We found that people don't just see certain groups as warmer or nicer, but if you're warmer by X unit, you get Y dollars more." said Hsu, an associate professor in the Haas School of Business.

哈斯商学院副教授Hsu先生说“我们发现人们并不仅是认为某些特定的群体更和蔼或者更友好,如果你比其他人更加和蔼友善,你就会得到更多的收益。”

The findings, published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences journal, have implications for the job and housing markets, university admissions, philanthropy, lending practices and more. Overall, they make a direct connection between widely held stereotypes and deeply entrenched societal inequities.

本周发表在《美国国家科学院院刊》杂志上的研究结果表明,固有印象影响着就业市场、住房市场、大学招生、慈善事业和贷款等多个方面。总的来说,这些研究结果把广泛存在的固有印象和根深蒂固的社会不平等现象直接联系起来。

点击这里查看哈斯商学院网站上的完整文章。

研究:预测不同社会群体成员的人类行为(PNAS)。

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    0
    guest
    guest
    10个月前
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    悟空到此一游
    0
    guest
    guest
    10个月前
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    悟空到此一游
    0
    比目鱼二
    比目鱼二
    10个月前
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    棒棒棒
    0
    guest
    guest
    10个月前
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    😄
    0
    扶摇同风
    扶摇同风
    8个月前
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    到此一游
    4
    guest
    guest
    10个月前
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    这个实验的结论我是相当认同的!
    2
    guest
    guest
    10个月前
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    我也十分赞同,固有印象还有我们留给别人的第一印象,这些对我们的发展影响很大的。