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为你自己准备一个更高的托福分数

Prepare Yourself for a Better TOEFL Score
为你自己准备一个更高的托福分数
1102字
2019-01-24 16:38
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火星译客

If you are interested in studying at an American college or university, you have probably heard about the Test of English as a Foreign Language.

如果你对在美国的学院或大学学习感兴趣,你可能听说过一门测试英语的外语考试。

The test is widely known as the TOEFL. It is the most widely used language assessment exam for American colleges. A TOEFL score may be necessary to get a student visa to an English-speaking country. Some businesses and even government offices use the test scores to measure the English language abilities of their employees.

这门考试被称为托福。它是美国大学使用最广泛的语言评估考试。托福成绩可能是获得英语国家学生签证的必要条件。一些企业甚至政府部门使用考试分数来衡量员工的英语能力。

Many foreign students worry about taking the TOEFL because it is important to meeting their goals. Good marks on the test will open many doors. But a low test score will limit your choices for financial aid and admission to top schools.

许多外国学生对参加托福考试充满担忧,因为它对实现他们的目标很重要。考试得高分是一块好用的敲门砖。但是低的考试分数会限制你在经济资助和进入顶级学校方面的选择。

The most competitive universities generally expect an internet-based test, or iBT score of 90 or above. Others accept lower scores, and some do not require students to take the TOEFL at all.

热门的大学通常要求基于互联网的考试,或iBT 90分以上。有些学校接受较低的分数,有些甚至根本不要求学生参加托福考试。

Most universities do not publicize an actual cutoff score, but a high mark will always help.

大多数大学不公布实际的分数线,但高分总是有帮助的。

Who should take the TOEFL?

谁应该参加托福考试?

Many students study for the TOEFL test before they are ready. You should have completed at least upper intermediate level English classes before you take the test.

许多学生在准备好托福考试之前就要开始学习。你应该在参加考试前至少完成中级以上的英语课程。

If you scored below 70 on the iBT or 500 on the paper-based test, or PBT, it is wise to continue studying for a few months and come back to the TOEFL later.

如果你的新托福成绩低于70分,或者笔试成绩低于500分,明智的做法是继续学习几个月,然后再来参加托福考试。

Taking the paper or internet test?

笔试还是机考?

Let’s take a closer look at the two major versions of the TOEFL.

让我们仔细看看托福的两个主要版本。

The iBT is offered in most of the world and accepted by nearly every college and university, as well as scholarship program, in the United States.

新托福在世界上大部分地方都有,美国几乎所有的学院和大学都接受它,奖学金项目也接受它。

The PBT is given in places where the internet is not widely available. The content of the PBT was changed in 2017; as a result, its line of questioning is now similar to that of the iBT.

老托福是在互联网还没有普及的地方设立的。2017年老托福内容发生变化;因此,它现在的提问方式与新托福类似。

Both the iBT and PBT have integrated tasks. That means questions involving listening, reading, and writing are mixed together. The revised PBT costs less, around US$180, than the iBT; however, costs can differ from country to country - $215 in Brazil; $245 in France.

新托福和老托福都合成了考试板块。这意味着涉及听、读和写的问题混合在一起。修订后的老托福比新托福便宜,大约180美元;但是,费用可能因国家而异- -巴西为215美元;在法国的245美元。

The PBT has three areas -- Reading, Listening, and Writing – and takes two hours and 50 minutes to complete. The iBT has four parts: reading, listening, speaking, and writing. Including time spent on registration, the iBT test lasts four and one-half hours.

老托福有三块内容——阅读、听力和写作——需要2小时50分钟完成。新托福有四部分:读、听、说、写。包括注册时间,新托福考试持续四个半小时。

Test-takers spend 20 minutes answering six questions involving speech. Each question requires first reading or listening to English examples, then expressing one’s opinion by speaking.

考生花20分钟回答6问题包括演讲。每个问题都需要先阅读或听英语例子,然后通过说来表达自己的观点。

If you have a choice, take the iBT, unless you are trying to cut down on costs.

如果你有选择,那就参加新托福考试,除非你想降低成本。

Practice makes perfect

熟能生巧

Plan when you will take the TOEFL. If possible, register to take the test, even if the date is several months from now. This will give you a good reason to study. Take a sample test online or from a test preparation book to find out where you need to improve the most.

计划好什么时候参加托福考试。如果可能的话,报名参加考试,即使考试日期是几个月以后。这会给你一个学习的好理由。从网上或考试准备书中选取一个测试样本,找出你最需要提高的地方。

Do you do well in reading, but not so well in listening? This will help you to plan your studies to develop the skills you need to get a better score.

你阅读好,但听力不好?这将帮助你计划你的学习,为了得到更好的分数增强你的能力。

How will you study?

你将如何学习?

The Educational Testing Service, ETS) website has a free online course to help you prepare for the TOEFL. There are also sample preparation questions and games on the ETS Facebook page, like the 40-Word Challenge.

美国教育考试服务中心(ETS)网站有一个免费的在线课程来帮助你准备托福考试。在美国教育考试服务中心的Facebook页面上也有一些准备问题和游戏,比如40字的挑战。

You can buy books with a guide to the test and sample questions from ETS or other publishers. In addition to answering those questions, try to surround yourself with English. Listen every day to podcasts or stories on VOA’s Learning English website. Try taking notes on what you hear.

你可以从ETS或其他出版商那里购买带有考试指南和样题的书籍。除了解答这些问题,试着用英语填充你的生活。每天收听美国之音学习英语网站上的播客或故事。试着把你听到的东西记下来。

Watch movies where English is spoken and listen to music with English lyrics. Read English-language newspapers to keep up with new words that relate to current events and technology.

看说英语的电影,听有英语歌词的音乐。阅读英文报纸,了解与时事和科技相关的新词。

When will you study?

你什么时候学习?

Experts say that you should study for at least two months before taking the test. But if your practice test score is more than 20 points below your goal, you may need to improve your overall English ability, and that may take years.

专家说你应该在考试前至少学习两个月。但是,如果你的模拟考试成绩比你的目标低20分以上,你可能需要提高你的整体英语能力,这可能需要几年的时间。

To get a good score, you need to set aside time to study, set goals, and measure your progress. Think of it as a school where you are the top administrator. As the chief, you can decide your plan of action: "I will practice the listening section every night this week.

为了取得好成绩,你需要留出时间来学习,设定目标,衡量自己的进步。把它想象成一所你是最高管理者的学校。作为主任,你可以决定你的行动计划:“我将在这个星期每天晚上练习听力部分。

Then I will take a listening sample test. If I am happy with my score, I will practice the speaking section every night next week." Be sure you build in rewards for improving your score, like taking a weekend off from study.

然后我要做一个听力样本测试。如果我对我的成绩满意,下周我将每天晚上练习口语。一定要为提高你的分数而建立奖励机制,比如请一个周末的假。

Where will you study overseas?

你将在哪里留学?

Did you know that TOEFL has a search service? It can help connect you with colleges, universities and other educational institutions, as well as postgraduate programs.

你知道托福有搜索服务吗?它可以帮助你与学院、大学和其他教育机构以及研究生项目建立联系。

TOEFL will send you information about other study programs, admissions requirements, financial aid, fellowships and other educational opportunities. Choose the search service when you create or change your registration.

托福考试将向你发送有关其他学习项目、入学要求、经济资助、奖学金和其他教育机会的信息。当您创建或更改注册时,请选择搜索服务。

You can also find out which schools will accept the TOEFL score you earned on the ETS website.

你也可以在美国教育考试服务中心的网站上找到哪些学校会接受你的托福成绩。

What other tests can you take?

您还可以参加哪些其他测试?

There are other large-scale testing programs to measure one’s English ability. See our story comparing the TOEFL with the Test of English for International Communication, or TOEIC, and the International English Language Testing System, or IELTS.

还有其他大规模的测试项目来衡量一个人的英语能力。请看我们的报道,将托福与国际交流英语考试(TOEIC)和国际英语语言测试系统(IELTS)进行比较。

You may need to take another test to meet the rules for immigration or studying overseas, so look around to find out the requirements.

你可能需要参加另一项考试来符合移民或海外留学的规定,所以四处看看,看看有哪些要求。

And, don't waste time studying for the TOEFL if you will not attend school or go overseas in the next two years. Remember: colleges will only accept the test score for up to two years.

而且,如果你在未来两年不上学或不出国,也不要浪费时间准备托福考试。记住:大学最多只接受两年的考试成绩。

The bottom line is, the best way to do well on the TOEFL is to know English well. Do not depend on informal advice or tricks. Do not try to outwit the test maker. Think of reading, listening, speaking, writing, and grammar as a single connected idea: communication.

最重要的是,要想在托福考试中取得好成绩,最好的办法就是学好英语。不要依赖非正式的建议或技巧。不要试图欺骗测试人员。把阅读、听力、口语、写作和语法看作是一个相互联系的概念:交流。

The real goal of the test is to measure how well a student can communicate in an English-speaking classroom. Immerse yourself in English on a daily basis and improvement is sure to follow.

考试的真正目的是衡量学生在英语课堂上的沟通能力。每天让自己沉浸在英语中,你一定会进步的。

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