In the past year, faced with the complicated and changing situations in China and overseas and the continued downward economic pressures, what "achievements" have Zhengzhou made in the process of building a national central city of high quality?
On April 3rd, the Zhengzhou Municipal Bureau of Statistics released the Statistical Bulletin of Zhengzhou's National Economy and Social Development in 2019. According to the Bulletin, Zhengzhou's GDP for the whole year reached 1,158.97 billion yuan, an increase of 6.5% over the previous year; the per capita GDP was 113,139 yuan, rising 4.1%.
While the economic size is growing larger, the economic structure is getting better. In terms of industries, the added value of the primary industry was 14.09 billion yuan, a decrease of 4.9%; the added value of the secondary industry was 461.7 billion yuan, an increase of 6.2%; the added value of the tertiary industry was 683.18 billion yuan, an increase of 7.1%. The ratio of the three industies was 1.2 : 39.8 : 59.
In 2019, Zhengzhou's economic foundation became even stronger. The city's total fiscal revenue reached 197.02 billion yuan, and the local fiscal general public budget revenue was 122.25 billion yuan. The total expenditure from the local government's general public budget for the year was 191.06 billion yuan.
Zhengzhou's economic scale is also improving. According to the Bulletin, the added value of industrial enterprises above the designated size in the city increased by 6.1% over the previous year. There were a total of 2,414 fixed-asset construction projects throughout the year, and the completed investment increased by 2.8% over the previous year. The total retail sales of social customer goods was 467.15 billion yuan, an increase of 9.5%. The direct imports and exports for the whole year totaled 412.99 billion yuan, an increase of 0.6% over the previous year, accounting for 72.3% of the total imports and exports in Henan Province.
Under the background of stable and sound economic development, all walks of life in Zhengzhou present a good development trend and strong vigor. Last year, the city's tourism revenue totaled 159.86 billion yuan, an increase of 15.2% over the previous year. The number of tourists increased by 14.5%. Among them, 554,000 were international tourists, an increase of 5%; 130.04 million were domestic tourists, an increase of 14.5%.
The cargo and mail handling capacity of Xinzheng International Airport reached 522,000 tons, an increase of 1.4% over the previous year; the passenger throughput was 29.129 million, an increase of 6.6%. A total of 1000 CRE trains were in operation, an increase of 33%, and the imports and exports totaled 3.37 billion US dollars, an increase of 5.2%. In the commodity sales by businesses above designated size, basic life commodities such as cereals, oils and foodstuff, beverages and daily necessities increased by 12%, 12.3% and 18.6% respectively. Health and cultural commodities including Chinese and western medicines and home appliances increased by 26.1% and 10.1% respectively. The volume of express delivery rose by 20.6% in the year.
In 2019, Zhengzhou added four newly listed companies. By the end of 2019, a total of 46 companies were listed in the domestic and foreign market and 178 were listed in the new over-the-counter market, with an additional 62.9 billion yuan raised from the capital market.
The residents of Zhengzhou shared the achievements of urban development and obtained more sense of gain. The per capita disposable income of the city's residents was 35,942 yuan, rising 8.6% over the previous year. Of this, the per capita disposable income of urban residents was 42,087 yuan, rising 7.8%; the per capita disposable income of rural residents was 23,536 yuan, rising 8.7%. The CPI of urban residents increased by 3.1% over the previous year.
The continued increase in income has increased the confidence of urban and rural residents to pursue a better life. At the end of the past year, the number of registered civil motor vehicles in the city was 3.856 million, rising 10.9% over the previous year; in which, 3.499 million were owned by individuals, rising 10.8%. The number of cars owned by individuals was 2.053 million, rising 10.2%. Meanwhile, the number of mobile phone users reached 16.66 million, rising 4.7%, and the number of Internet broadband users was 4.68 million, rising 8.7%.
More opportunities and better prospects are attracting people from all over the world to gather in Zhengzhou. At the end of 2019, the city's permanent resident population was 10.352 million, which increased by 216,000 or 2.1% over the previous year; among them, the urban population accounted for 7.721 million, contributing to an urbanization rate of 74.6%, rising 1.2 percentage points over the previous year.