2019 was the year of CEO exits.
Thanks to 160 chiefs leaving their posts in December, 2019 totaled 1,640 departures by the heads of U.S. businesses, higher than the 1,484 exits in 2008 when the country was embroiled in the financial crisis, according to Challenger, Gray, & Christmas. The firm started tracking CEO departures in 2002.
Challenger, Gray，& Christmas的数据显示，由于去年12月有160位首席执行官离职，2019年美国企业负责人总共离职1640人，高于2008年金融危机期间的1484人。该公司从2002年开始跟踪CEO的离职情况。
"The number of chief executives who announced their departures in 2019 was staggering," Challenger Vice President Andrew Challenger said in a press release.
Challenger, Gray，& Christmas公司副总裁 Andrew Challenger在一份新闻稿中表示，2019年宣布离职的首席执行官数量惊人。
Perhaps the most notable CEO news in December was the firing of Boeing CEO Dennis Muilenberg. The aircraft-maker has struggled to regain the trust of regulators, customers and the public after two fatal crashes of its bestselling plane, the 737 Max. Chairman David Calhoun will succeed Muilenberg as CEO on Jan. 13.
也许12月最著名的CEO离职新闻是波音公司CEO Dennis Muilenberg被解雇。在最畅销飞机737
Tapestry-owned luxury fashion company Kate Spade also announced in December its CEO, Anna Bakst, will not return in 2020. Luggage start-up said last month its CEO and co-founder, Stephanie Korey, will step down following reports about an unhealthy company culture.
Tapestry旗下拥有的时尚奢侈品公司Kate Spade也在12月宣布，其首席执行官Anna Bakst将不会在2020年回归。箱包初创公司Away上月表示，其首席执行官兼联合创始人Stephanie Korey将辞职，此前有报道称该公司存在不健康的企业文化。
"Following the #MeToo movement, companies were determined to hold CEOs accountable for lapses in judgement pertaining to professional and personal conduct, creating higher ethical standards at the C-level," said Challenger. "What may have gone unrecognized or was downplayed in the past was not overlooked by boards, shareholders, or the general public in 2019."
Challenger tracks CEO changes at companies that have been in business for at least two years and have at least 10 employees.
The government and nonprofit sector led all industries in CEO turnover in 2019 with 339 exits. The technology sector announced the second-highest number of CEO changes last year, 216, up 42% from 2018.
Demonstrating that companies are increasingly turning to outsiders to replace past CEOs, 784 replacement chief executives came from outside the company and 620 were internal replacements in 2019, the firm said.