奥巴马和特朗普的阅读清单比较
The Obama and Trump reading lists, compared
849字
2020-01-02 14:38
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火星译客

Dean Obeidallah, a former attorney, is the host of SiriusXM radio's daily program "The Dean Obeidallah Show" and a columnist for The Daily Beast. Follow him @DeanObeidallah. The opinions expressed in this commentary are his own. View more opinion articles on CNN.

Dean Obeidallah,前律师,是SiriusXM电台每日节目“Dean Obeidallah Show”的主持人,也是《每日野兽》的专栏作家。

关注他@DeanObeidallah

这篇评论所表达的观点是他自己的。

在CNN上看更多的观点文章。

(CNN)Former President Barack Obama has published his list of favorite books of 2019. The former president, who was known to read an hour a day toward the end of his presidency, has curated a selection that he noted on Instagram is part of the "fabric that helps make up a life" and can hopefully "enhance our day-to-day experiences."

(CNN)前总统巴拉克·奥巴马公布了他2019年最喜欢的书单。众所周知,这位前总统在总统任期即将结束时,每天都会阅读一小时。他在Instagram上精心挑选了一篇文章,并指出这篇文章是“生活的一部分”,有望“提升我们的日常体验”。

What a contrast to President Donald Trump's list of books, which he recently promoted on Twitter.

这与唐纳德·特朗普总统最近在推特上发的书单形成了鲜明的对比。

While the books that Obama recommends will make readers more well-rounded and informed, Trump's list is filled with books that will make the reader angrier and more supportive of Trump. (Even as President, when Obama released his summer reading list, the titles ranged from books about former President John Adams to novels like, "The Bayou Trilogy." None were explicitly about Obama's political agenda or attacking his political rivals.)

虽然奥巴马推荐的书会让读者更全面、更了解情况,但特朗普的书单上满是会让读者更愤怒、更支持特朗普的书。(当奥巴马总统公布他的夏季阅读书目时,他的书目从有关前总统约翰·亚当斯的书到《海湾三部曲》等小说。它们都没有明确提到奥巴马的政治议程或攻击他的政治对手。)

Let's take a closer look at Obama's 2019 list. They include works of fiction, such as "Normal People," a story of two starkly different people from the same small town who must confront how far they will go to support each other. There's also the award-winning novel, "Trust Exercise," by Susan Choi, the story of students in the 1980s at a competitive performing arts high school that the Amazon description notes "will leave readers with wiser understandings of the true capacities of adolescents and of the powers and responsibilities of adults."

让我们仔细看看奥巴马的2019年书单。其中包括一些虚构的作品,比如《普通人》,讲述的是来自同一个小镇的两个截然不同的人为了互相支持而必须面对的故事。还有获奖小说,苏珊·崔的《信任练习》(Trust Exercise)讲述了上世纪80年代一所竞争性表演艺术高中的学生的故事,亚马逊的描述指出,这本书“将让读者更明智地理解青少年的真实能力,以及成年人的权力和责任”。

Obama also highlights numerous thought-provoking non-fiction books, such as the New York Times best seller, "Say Nothing: A True Story of Murder and Memory in Northern Ireland," that has been described as a "mesmerizing book on the bitter conflict in Northern Ireland and its aftermath." And then there's the "The Heartbeat of Wounded Knee: Native America from 1890 to the Present" by David Treuer, a brutally honest examination of how Native Americans flourished for generations until European powers and the United States government enslaved, killed and displaced these proud people from their ancestral homes.

奥巴马还强调了许多发人深省的非小说类书籍,比如《纽约/时报》的畅销书《什么也别说:一个关于北爱尔兰谋杀和记忆的真实故事》,这本书被形容为“讲述北爱尔兰痛苦冲突及其后果的迷人著作”。然后是戴维·特鲁尔的《伤膝的心跳:1890年到现在的印第安人》,这本书残酷而诚实地审视了印第安人是如何繁荣了几代人,直到欧洲列强和美国政府奴役、杀害并迫使这些骄傲的人离开他们祖先居住的地方。

What a contrast to Trump's recommended books, which are almost all designed to do one thing: help Trump, politically, that is. In October, Trump praised the book, "Resistance (At All Costs): How Trump Haters Are Breaking America" by Wall Street Journal columnist Kim Strassel, tweeting, "A great book by a brilliant author. Buy it now!" This book, per the Amazon summary, argues that it's not Trump who is a threat to our democracy, but those who criticize Trump, claiming that "the president's foes have thrown aside norms, due process and the rule of law." (It sounds like a Trump tweet in book form.)

这与特朗普推荐的书籍形成了鲜明对比,特朗普推荐的书几乎都是为了做一件事:在政治上帮助特朗普。去年10月,特朗普称赞了《华尔街日报》专栏作家金·斯特拉塞尔的《不惜一切代价的抵抗:憎恨特朗普的人是如何摧毁美国》,他在推特上写道,“这是一本伟大的书,作者才华横溢。”现在就买!”根据亚马逊的总结,这本书认为对我们的民主构成威胁的不是特朗普,而是那些批评特朗普的人,他们声称“总统的敌人抛弃了规范、正当程序和法治”。(这听起来就像特朗普在书里发的推文。)

In November, Trump took to Twitter to praise the new book, "The Plot Against the President: The True Story of How Congressman Devin Nunes Uncovered the Biggest Political Scandal in U.S. History" by Lee Smith. This book tells the story of how the California representative and vocal Trump defender allegedly uncovered an operation to bring down Trump. Obviously this book furthers Trump's narrative that he's the victim of a "witch hunt," which makes it no surprise that Trump tweeted, "great new book" adding, "Shows very bad and corrupt people on the other side. Check it out!"

去年11月,川普在推特上赞扬了李·史密斯的新书《反对总统的阴谋:国会议员德文·努内斯揭露美国历史上最大政治丑闻的真实故事》。这本书讲述了这位加州众议员和直言不讳的特朗普支持者是如何被指控揭露了一场打倒特朗普的行动的。显然,这本书进一步证明了特朗普是“政治迫害”的受害者,因此特朗普发推特也就不足为奇了。“检查一下!”

Also making Trump's recommended reading list in November was the book written by his son Donald Trump, Jr., bearing a title that is quintessential Trump: "Triggered: How the Left Thrives on Hate and Wants to Silence Us." The younger Trump's book, according to the online summary, promises to "expose all the tricks that the left uses to smear conservatives and push them out of the public square."

去年11月,特朗普的儿子小唐纳德·特朗普写的书也被列入了特朗普的推荐阅读名单,这本书的标题堪称特朗普的经典之作:《触发:左翼如何在仇恨中茁壮成长,并想让我们沉默》。根据网上的总结,小特朗普的书承诺“揭露左派用来诽谤保守派并把他们赶出公共场合的所有伎俩。”

And let's not overlook Trump's recommended books in 2018 that fit this same mold. There was Fox News host Judge Jeanine Pirro's book titled, "Liars, Leakers and Liberals, the Case Against the Anti-Trump Conspiracy." Trump tweeted at the time of its release, "fantastic" -- adding, "Go get it!" And who can forget Fox News commentator Gregg Jarrett's book, "The Russia Hoax, The Illicit Scheme To Clear Hillary Clinton And Frame Donald Trump," which Trump promoted before its release and then again praised later, adding that the Russia investigation was "illegally started by people who have already been disgraced."

我们也不要忽视特朗普2018年推荐的书籍,它们也符合同样的模式。福克斯新闻台的主持人珍宁·皮罗写了一本书,名为《骗子、泄密者和自由派,反对特朗普阴谋的案例》。电影上映时,特朗普在推特上写道:“太棒了!”还有谁能忘记福克斯新闻评论员格雷格·贾勒特的新书《俄罗斯骗局,清除希拉里·克林顿和陷害唐纳德·特朗普的非法计划》?

In short, Trump only promotes books he believes will support his political tenure. Many of them achieve this by furthering the narrative that Trump is a victim of a corrupt establishment and that he alone can save the country from a Democratic Party hellbent on his demise.

简而言之,特朗普只推广他认为会支持其政治任期的书籍。他们中的许多人通过进一步宣扬特朗普是腐败体制的受害者,只有他才能把这个国家从一个执意要他下台的民主党手中拯救出来,从而实现了这一目标。

While Obama's recommended books are designed to make life a "little brighter," Trump's books are designed to do the exact opposite -- inspiring fear and anger in the next election cycle.

奥巴马的推荐书目旨在让生活“更美好一点”,而特朗普的推荐书目则恰恰相反——在下届选举中激发恐惧和愤怒。

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