科学家发现,人喝水充盈膀胱后“决策更理性”
People with full bladders 'make better decisions', scientists discover
302字
2019-12-29 14:48
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火星译客

Researchers discovered the brain's self-control mechanism provides restraint in all areas at once。

研究人员认为,大脑自控机能会立即抑制所有冲动行为。

They found people with a full bladder were able to better control and "hold off" making important, or expensive, decisions, leading to better judgement。

他们发现,喝水灌满膀胱后的人有较好自控能力,“缓冲”购买重要或昂贵物品的欲望,从而做出更理性判断。

Psychologists from the University of Twente in the Netherlands linked bladder control to the same part of the brain that activates feelings of desire and reward。

荷兰Twente大学的心理学家们认为,膀胱排尿控制神经与需求和奖赏大脑区域紧密相连。

The study, published in the journal Psychological Science, also concluded that just thinking about words related to urination triggered the same effect。

发表在《心理科学杂志(journal Psychological Science)》文章还得出结论说,一想到撒尿这个词就会触发这种行为。

Dr Mirjam Tuk, who led the study, said that the brain's "control signals" were not task specific but result in an "unintentional increase" in control over other tasks。

领导该项研究Mirjam Tuk博士认为,大脑“控制信号”不是特意执行该项任务,而是在执行其他任务控制时“自然导出”结果。

"People are more able to control their impulses for short term pleasures and choose more often an option which is more beneficial in the long run," she said。

她说:“人们能够控制自己短暂愉悦的冲动,更多采取长远获益选项。”

In her study, Dr Tuk asked volunteers to drink either five cups of water containing 750 milliliters or take small sips of water from five separate cups。

Tuk博士在她研究中,请志愿者分别喝每杯容量为750毫升的五杯水,或从五个杯中小饮几口。

They were asked to make eight choices ranging from small, and immediate, rewards to larger, but delayed, ones including choosing to receive either $16 tomorrow or $30 in 35 days。

接着让志愿者作出从小、中到较大等八种选择,但是,推迟选择的奖赏各有不同,第二天就可得到16美元,35天之后可得到30美元。

They concluded that people with full bladders were better at holding out for the larger rewards later。

喝水充满膀胱志愿者的选择得到了较大奖赏。

"You seem to make better decisions when you have a full bladder," said Dr Tuk。

Tuk博士说:“人似乎在膀胱充满水后作出决定更理性。”

"Maybe you should drink a bottle of water before making a decision about your stock portfolio."

“所以,你决定在购买证券股票前最好喝一瓶水。”

"Or perhaps stores that count on impulse buys should keep a bathroom available to customers, since they might be more willing to go for the television with a bigger screen when they have an empty bladder."

“或者,商店应考虑供冲动客户设施卫生间。让这些客户购买大屏幕电视机时排空自己膀胱。””

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