器官捐赠呈上升趋势,其中大部分分布于广东
Organ donations on rise, with most in Guangdong
508字
2019-12-18 08:58
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火星译客

Organ donation in China has been gaining increasing public support in recent years, with the number of donors rising fast, according to a latest report.

根据最新的一份报告,近年来,中国的器官捐献得到了公众越来越多的支持,捐献器官的人数迅速增加。

Last year, 6,302 people on the Chinese mainland donated organs after death, compared with 2,766 in 2015, ranking second after the United States. The number of donors per million people increased from 2.01 in 2015 to 4.53 last year, according to the report released by the China Organ Transplantation Development Foundation.

去年,中国大陆有6302人死后捐献了器官,而2015年为2766人,仅次于美国。据中国器官移植发展基金会发布的报告显示,每百万人中器官捐献人数从2015年的2.01人增加到去年的4.53人。

More than 18,000 people on the mainland made postmortem donations between 2015 and last year, said the report, released during the fourth China International Organ Donation Conference, held in Kunming, Yunnan province, from Friday to Sunday.

上周五至周日在云南昆明举行的第四届中国国际器官捐献大会上发布的这份报告称,从2015年到去年,中国大陆有超过1.8万人进行了死后捐献。

By the end of last year, the mainland had 169 medical institutions certified to perform organ transplant surgeries, with Guangdong province ranking at the top of the list with 19, followed by Beijing with 16, the report said.

报告称,截至去年年底,中国内地有169家医疗机构获得了器官移植手术的认证,其中广东省以19家位居榜首,北京以16家紧随其后。

Guangdong also ranked No 1 among provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities on the mainland in the number of donors between 2015 and last year, with 2,400 people from the province having donated organs after death during the four years.

2015年至去年,广东省器官捐献人数在全国各省、自治区、直辖市中排名第一,有2400人在去世后捐献器官。

The median age of all mainland donors in those four years was 44, and those under 18 comprised about 11 percent in the four years, according to the report. Males accounted for 81 percent of all donors.

根据这份报告,在这四年中,所有大陆捐献者的年龄中位数是44岁,而18岁以下的人在这四年中占了大约11%。男性占所有捐献者的81%。

The two major causes of death for donors during that time were injuries from accidents and vascular diseases of the brain, accounting for nearly 87 percent of all deaths.

在此期间,捐献者死亡的两大主要原因是意外伤害和脑部血管疾病,占死亡总数的近87%。

Guo Yanhong, an official at the National Health Commission's Medical Administration and Supervision Department, said in addition to significant improvement in the number of organ donation and transplant surgeries performed, organ transplant technologies in China have been improving, resulting in longer and higher quality life for organ recipients.

国家卫生健康委员会医疗管理监督部门官员郭艳红表示,除了器官捐献和移植手术数量的显著改善外,中国的器官移植技术也在不断提高,使得器官接受者的寿命更长,生活质量更高。

Over 90 percent of all patients receiving heart transplants in China live more than one year after their surgeries, a higher level than in most countries, she said.

她说,在中国接受心脏移植手术的病人中,超过90%的人术后存活时间超过一年,这一比例高于大多数国家

Wang Hesheng, vice-minister of the National Health Commission, said that while China has made great progress in improving its organ donation and transplantation systems, resulting in rapid increases in organ donations, many challenges still exist.

国家卫生健康委员会副主任王和生表示,尽管中国在完善器官捐献和移植系统方面取得了很大进展,促进了器官捐献快速的增长,但仍存在许多挑战。

"Although China ranked among the top in the world last year in the number of organ transplant surgeries completed and the number of organs donated, great gaps still remain with the demand from patients," he said.

他说:“尽管去年中国在器官移植手术数量和捐献器官数量上位居世界前列,但与病人的需求相比,仍有很大的差距。”

Guo, from the National Health Commission, said in addition to supporting the fast growth of organ donations and transplantation, the commission will put more emphasis on optimizing distribution of high quality medical resources among different regions, so patients in need in less developed western areas can benefit from better organ transplant services and improved quality of life.

国家卫生委员会的郭艳红表示,除了支持器官捐赠和移植的快速增长外,该委员会还将更加重视优化优质医疗资源在不同地区之间的分配,这样西部欠发达地区有需要的患者可以从更好的器官移植服务和提高的生活质量中受益。

The commission will also improve legislation to intensify supervision over organ donation and transplantation and increase punishment to violators of the law to promote healthy development of the sector, she said.

她说,委员会还将完善立法,加强对器官捐献和移植的监督,加大对违法者的惩罚力度,以促进该行业的健康发展。

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