为什么俄罗斯无法参加奥运会和世界杯,却能参加2020年欧洲杯
Why Russia is banned from the Olympics and FIFA World Cup but not Euro 2020
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2019-12-11 13:34
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火星译客

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has handed a four-year ban to Russia, preventing the country from participating at the 2020 Tokyo Olympics and the 2022 FIFA World Cup.

世界反兴 奋剂机构向俄罗斯下达了为期四年的禁令,禁止该国参加2020年东京奥运会和2022年足球世界杯。

Russia, however, will be allowed to take part in next year's European soccer championships, when it will also be one of the competition's host countries.

然而,俄罗斯可以参加明年的欧洲足球锦标赛,届时俄罗斯也是比赛的主办国之一。

That is because UEFA—European soccer's governing body—is not considered a "major event organization" when it comes to anti-doping verdicts.

这是因为在反兴 奋剂机构不把欧洲足联的管理机构视为“重大赛事组织机构”。

WADA lists as major event organizations all the bodies that govern a sport at a global level, such as FIFA, FINA—the International Swimming Federation—and IAAF—International Association of Athletics Federations.

世界反兴 奋剂机构将诸如国际足联、国际游泳联合会、国际田联等所有在全球范围内管理某项运动的机构列为重大赛事组织机构。

FIBA and UCI—the governing body of world basketball and cycling respectively—also fall in the same category.

国际篮联和国际自行车联盟——分别是世界篮球和自行车运动的管理机构——也属于重大赛事组织机构。

A UEFA spokesman told Newsweek that European soccer's governing body had "no comment to make on the matter" and indicated WADA's ruling had no impact on Euro 2020.

欧足联的一位发言人告诉《新闻周刊》,欧洲足球管理机构“对此不予置评”,并表示世界反兴 奋剂机构的这一裁决不会影响2020年欧洲杯的进行。

Russia qualified for the tournament as runner-up in Group I and has been drawn in Group B, along with Denmark, Finland and Belgium.

俄罗斯与丹麦、芬兰和比利时分在B组,在欧洲杯小组赛中,俄罗斯以小组第二的成绩晋级出线。

Significantly, the country is among the host venues for the event, with St. Petersburg's Krestovsky Stadium set to host Russia's games against Belgium and Finland, as well as Belgium's clash against Finland.

值得注意的是,俄罗斯是此次比赛的主办国之一,圣彼得堡的克雷斯托夫斯基体育场将主办俄罗斯与比利时和芬兰的比赛,以及比利时与芬兰的比赛。

Unlike Euro 2020, however, the FIFA World Cup in Qatar two years later is among the events affected by the ban.

不过,与2020年欧洲杯不同的是,两年后在卡塔尔举行的国际足联世界杯是受禁令影响的赛事之一。

Russia's Anti-Doping Agency (RUSADA) has 21 days to appeal the sentence. If it does so, the appeal will be referred to the Court of Arbitration for Sport.

俄罗斯反兴 奋剂机构有21天的上诉时间。如果俄罗斯提起上诉,上诉将提交体育仲裁法庭。

Should the ruling be upheld—and there is no indication it won't—the Russian flag will not be flying in Qatar for the 2022 FIFA World Cup, nor in Tokyo for the summer Olympics next year.

如果上诉的结果是维持原判——没有迹象表明不会——俄罗斯国旗将不会在2022年卡塔尔世界杯上的赛场上飘扬,也不会出现在2020年东京夏季奥运会的赛场上。

The sentence, however, poses a major logistical headache for world soccer's governing body.

然而,这一判决给世界足球管理机构带来了一个重大的组织问题。

The European section of the 2022 World Cup qualifiers is scheduled to begin in March 2021.

2022年世界杯预选赛欧洲赛区定于2021年3月开始。

Russian, FIFA World Cup

Russia pose for a team photograph ahead of the 2018 FIFA World Cup Round of 16 match against Spain at Luzhniki Stadium on July 1, 2018 in Moscow, Russia. Ian MacNicol/Getty

7月1日,在俄罗斯首都莫斯科的卢日尼基体育场,2018年世界杯16强对西班牙的比赛前,俄罗斯队在摆姿势拍照。

Ian MacNicol /Getty

The draw will depend in part from the result of Euro 2020 and of the 2020-21 UEFA Nations League—a biennial tournament that pits together UEFA members.

抽签结果将部分取决于2020年欧洲杯和2020-21年欧足联国家联盟的结果。

Should Russia be allowed to take part in both events—which both fall under UEFA's jurisdiction—it could find itself in a position to qualify for a tournament it is currently banned from.

如果俄罗斯得到允许参加这两项欧足联管辖范围内的赛事,俄罗斯可能会有资格参加目前被禁止参加的赛事。

FIFA is well aware of the potential complications laying ahead.

国际足联很清楚摆在面前的潜在问题。

"FIFA has taken note of the decision taken by WADA Executive Committee today," a spokesperson for world soccer's governing body told Newsweek.

世界足球管理机构的一位发言人告诉《新闻周刊》:“国际足联已经注意到世界反兴 奋剂机构执行委员会今天做出的决定”。

"FIFA is in contact with WADA and ASOIF—Association of Summer Olympic International Federations—to clarify the extent of the decision in regards to football."

“国际足联正在与世界反兴 奋剂机构和夏季奥林匹克国际联合会联系,以澄清关于足球的决定的范围。”

It remains to be seen whether different sports will adopt a similar approach and Russia will be allowed to compete in continental tournaments.

不同的体育项目是否会采用类似的方法,俄罗斯是否会被允许参加欧洲大陆的锦标赛,这些都还有待进一步确定。

"The FIVB will not comment on the RUSADA compliance situation until the full legal process, including all appeals, has concluded," the FIVB—the international volleyball federation—told Newsweek in an emailed statement.

国际排联在一份电子邮件声明中告诉《新闻周刊》:“在包括所有上诉在内的完整法律程序结束之前,国际排联不会对俄罗斯对俄罗斯反兴 奋剂机构遵守规则的情况发表评论。”

It is worth noting, however, that the four-year punishment is not a blanket ban on Russian athletes.

然而,值得注意的是,四年禁令并不是全面禁止俄罗斯运动员参赛。

Russian athletes will be allowed to compete as prove they are not linked with the doping scandal and that they have remained clean, they will be allowed to compete under a neutral flag.

俄罗斯运动员将被允许参加比赛,前提是他们可以证明自己与兴 奋剂丑闻无关,并保持清白,他们将被允许以中立的身份参加比赛。

Last year, 168 Russian athletes took part in the Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea, under a neutral flag.

去年,168名俄罗斯运动员以中立的身份参加了在韩国平昌郡举行的冬奥会。

The same applies to athletics, where Russian athletes have competed under the IAAF flag since 2015 and 30 of them took part in this year's World Athletics Championships as "Authorized Neutral Athletes."

田径比赛也是如此,自2015年以来,俄罗斯运动员一直在国际田联的旗帜下比赛,其中30人以“授权中立运动员”的身份参加了今年的世界田径锦标赛。

As part of Monday's ruling, Russia has also been banned from bidding for the right to host the 2032 Olympic and Paralympic Games.

周一的裁决还包括禁止俄罗斯申办2032年奥运会和残奥会。

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