Max Q:NASA签约新的月球送运公司-科技博客
Max Q: NASA signs up new Moon delivery companies – TechCrunch
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2019-11-29 12:55
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火星译客

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There were lot of highlights in the space industry this past week (even though a rocket launch that was supposed to happened is now pushed to Monday). The biggest news for commercial space might just be that NASA signed on five new companies to its list of approved vendors for lunar payload delivery services, bringing the total group to 14.

在过去的一周里,航天行业有很多关注点(尽管预定的火箭发射现在被推迟到周一)。对于商业界来说,最重要的消息可能就是NASA在其月球有效载荷交付服务的批准供应商名单上签署了5家新公司,使集团总数达到14家。

SpaceX is among them, and Musk’s company had its own fair share of news this week, too – some good, some bad. One things’ for sure: Even going in to the last week in November, there’s still plenty of news to come in this industry before the year’s out.

SpaceX就是其中之一,马斯克的公司本周也有相当份额的新闻-有好的,也有坏的。有一件事是肯定的:即使进入11月份的最后一周,在今年年底之前,这个行业仍然会有大量的新闻传来。

美国宇航局为商业月球有效载荷选择了五个新的供应商

Artist’s rendering of Blue Origin’s Blue Moon lander.

艺术家渲染的蓝色起源的蓝色月球着陆器。

The five include Blue Origin, SpaceX, Ceres Robotics, Sierra Nevada Corporation and Tyvak Nano-Satellite Systems. This doesn’t necessarily mean all or any of these companies will actually fly anything to the Moon on behalf of NASA, but it does mean they can officially bid for the chance. Alongside 9 other companies selected previously by NASA, their bids will be considered by the NASA based on cost, viability and other factors.

这五家公司包括蓝色起源、太空探索技术公司、谷神星机器人、内华达山脉公司和蒂瓦克纳米卫星系统。这并不一定意味着所有或任何这些公司都会代表NASA运载东西去月球,但这确实意味着他们可以正式竞标这个机会。与NASA之前选择的其他9家公司一起,他们的投标将由NASA基于成本、可行性和其他因素进行考虑。

1. 太空探索技术公司的星际飞船原型爆炸了

This is the bad news I referred to earlier: SpaceX’s Starship Mk1 prototype in Texas blew up just a little bit during cryo testing. This test is designed to simulate extreme cold conditions that the spacecraft could endure during flight, and it clearly didn’t. But Elon Musk was optimistic, saying just after the incident that they’ll move on to a more advanced design right away.

这是我之前提到的坏消息:SpaceX在德克萨斯州的Starship Mk1原型在低温测试中产生了一点爆炸。这项测试旨在模拟航天器在飞行过程中能够承受的极端寒冷条件,但目前显然无法承受。但埃隆·马斯克(Elon Musk)很乐观,他在事故发生后表示,他们将立即转向更先进的设计。

1. 内华达山脉公司详细介绍了其梦幻追逐者宇宙飞船的一次性货物集装箱

SNC’s Shooting Star module. Credit: SNC.

SNC的流星模块。信用:SNC。

One of the companies that is now included in NASA’s lunar payload service provider list is Sierra Nevada Corporation (SNC). They’re currently developing and building their Dream Chaser spacecraft, which is reusable and lands like the Space Shuttle. At an event at Cape Canaveral in Florida, they unveiled what they call the ‘Shooting Star’ – an ejectable single use cargo container for the Dream Chaser that can really add to its versatility.

现在列入NASA月球有效载荷服务提供商名单的公司之一是内华达山脉公司(SNC)。他们目前正在开发和建造他们的梦想追逐者宇宙飞船,它可以重复使用,可以像航天飞机一样着陆。在佛罗里达州卡纳维拉尔角的一次活动中,他们展示了他们所谓的“流星模块”-一个可弹射的一次性货物集装箱,用于梦幻追逐者,可以真正增加它的多功能性。

1. NanoRacks将发射一艘测试飞船,可以将旧宇宙飞船转换成轨道栖息地

This demonstration mission is just a start, but the tech that Nanoracks is launching aboard a future SpaceX launch will be able to cut metal in space, marking the first time a robotic piece of equipment has done that. The ultimate goal is to use this tech to take spent spacecraft upper stages and give them new life – as research platforms, satellites or even habitats in orbit.

这一演示任务只是一个开始,但NanoRacks声明的技术是未来SpaceX的发射将能够切割太空中的金属,这将是机器人设备首次做到这一点。最终目标是利用这项技术将废弃的航天器提升到更高的阶段,并赋予它们新的生命-作为研究平台,卫星,甚至是轨道上的栖息地。

1. 美国国家航空航天局的喷气推进实验室正在利用南极来测试前往恩塞拉多斯的月球车

That’s one of Saturn’s moons, and it’s made up of icy oceans. Normally, that’s not an optimal place for a rover to get around, but the agency’s laboratory has been testing a design in the Earth’s coldest oceans to see how viable it will be, and now they’re going to use the Antarctic, which is where it’ll test it for months at a time.

这是土星的卫星之一,它由冰冷的海洋组成。通常情况下,那不是漫游者出行的最佳地点,但该机构的实验室已经在地球上最冷的海洋中测试了一种设计,看看它是否可行,现在他们将使用南极进行测试,这次测试将持续几个月的时间。

1. 特斯拉的赛博卡车是用星舰钢材制造的

Elon Musk revealed Tesla’s crazy, beautiful, ugly, strange Cybertruck pickup last week, and he noted that the stainless steel alloy that makes up its skin is the same material that SpaceX is developing and using on its new Starship spacecraft. Sometimes, being CEO of both a car company and a space company at the same time really pays off.

上周,埃隆·马斯克披露了特斯拉新推出的疯狂、美丽、丑陋、奇怪的皮卡,他指出,构成特斯拉外壳的不锈钢合金与SpaceX正在开发并在其新的星际飞船航天器上使用的材料相同。有时候,同时担任一家汽车公司和一家航天公司的CEO真的是值得的。

1. 太空探索正激发着新类型的初创企业

A lot of large companies outsource at least part of their innovation management and design, and with the space boom on, there’s a new opportunity for companies to emerge that specialize in helping those same large companies find out where they fit in this new frontier. Luna is one such co, putting the puzzle pieces together for health tech companies.

许多大公司会至少将部分创新管理和设计外包出去,太空热潮的到来为那些专门帮助那些大公司找到他们在这一新前沿领域的合适位置的企业带来了新的机会。Luna就是这样一个公司,为健康科技公司把业务拼凑在一起。

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