世界精神卫生日着重预防自杀,促进精神健康
World Mental Health Day focuses on suicide prevention, mental health promotion
500字
2019-12-02 13:42
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火星译客

Ed Sheeran and Prince Harry in a video for World Mental Health Day. 

世界精神卫生日视频中的艾德·希兰和哈里王子

Every 40 seconds, someone dies fromsui/cide, and close to 800,000 fatalities occur each year in the United States. World Mental Health Day was established in 1992, with each year focusing on a different theme. This year's focus is on mental health promotion and sui/cide prevention.

每40秒就有一个死于自杀,美国每年就有近80万人死于自杀。1992年设立了世界精神卫生日,每年精神卫生日的主题都不相同。今年的重要是促进心理健康和预防自杀。

The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that 450 million people suffer from mental disorders. According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI), one in five U.S. adults experiences mental illness, one in 25 experiences serious mental illness, and one in six U.S. youths ages 6 through 17 experiences mental illness.

世界卫生组织报告表明,有4.5亿人患有精神障碍。根据国家精神疾病联盟(NAMI)给出的数据,美国成年人当中患有精神疾病的人数占五分之一,患有严重精神疾病的人数占二十五分之一,美国6至17岁青少年中患有精神疾病的占六分之一。

In addition, over 70 percent of the youths in the juvenile justice system have been diagnosed with mental health issues, and over 41 percent of Veterans Health Administration patients have been diagnosed with mental illness or substance abuse.

此外,在少年司法系统中,超过70%的青少年被论断出有精神健康问题,超过41%的退伍军人健康管理局病人被诊断出有精神疾病或药物滥用史。

Thus, sui/cide and mental health continue to an urgent issue because they affect the young, the elderly, men, women and veterans, among others. There has been a 30 percent  increase in sui/cide since 1999, NAMI reports.

因此,自杀和心理健康仍然是一个紧迫的问题,因为它们影响到了年轻人、老年人、男人、女人及退伍军人等的正常生活。据NAMI报道,自1999年以来,自杀率增加了30%。

Some physicians and counselors have found that people affected by mental illness may not be eager to tell anyone or to seek help because of denial and shame. However, there are recognizable signs and changes in behavior that indicate someone is suffering from such illness.

一些医生和心理咨询师发现,受精神疾病困扰的人可能不急于告诉任何人自己有这种疾病,或向人寻求帮助,因为他们会否认自己患有精神疾病,并且为此感到羞耻。然而,有一些可识别的迹象和行为上的变化可以表明有人确实患有这类疾病。

Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the United States, and studies show that almost half of adults (46.4 percent) will experience a mental illness in their lifetime. Sadly, only 41 percent of people who had a mental disorder in the past year received professional health care or other services, according to NAMI.

自杀是美国第十大死亡原因,研究表明,几乎有近一半数量的成年人(46.4%)在他们的一生中会经历精神疾病。不幸的是,据NAMI的数据表明,在过去的一年里,只有41%数量的精神障碍患者接受了专业的医疗保障或其他服务。

In 2015, sui/cide and self-injury in the U.S. cost $69 billion, according to the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention. In 2017, 47,173 Americans died by sui/cide, and that year an estimated 1,400,000 sui/cide attempts occurred. The drive for mental health wellness, as well as advocacy and sui/cide prevention, will continue to be on the minds of physicians, counselors and the everyday people who are affected.

根据美国自杀预防基金会(American Foundation for Suicide Prevention)的数据,2015年,美国的自杀和自残造成的损失达690亿美元。2017年,有47173名美国人死于自杀,同年估计有140万人出现试图自杀的倾向。推动心理健康事业发展,倡导保持心理健康并预防自杀,将仍然是医生、咨询师和受影响的普通人的心头大事。

The WHO says that "a lack of urgency, misinformation, and competing demands are blinding policy-makers from taking stock of a situation where mental disorders figure among the leading cause of disease and disability in the world."

世卫组织表明,“缺乏紧迫感,错误信息和相互竞争的需求使决策者无法评估精神障碍是导致世界上出现疾病和残疾的主要原因之一。”

Many hope that mental health awareness, and having mental health discussions, will help get those affected the help they need to live productive lives.

许多人希望,心理健康意识和进行心理健康讨论将有利于帮助那些受心理疾病影响的,需要帮助的人过上富有成效的生活。

Meanwhile, resources are available for information on how to help someone with a mental illness. And remember, mental illness and sui/cide affect so many Americans that this is not just a day of observance but an effort to address a serious public health issue.

与此同时,关于如何帮助精神疾病患者也有好多可用的资源。请记住,精神疾病和自杀影响了太多的美国人的生活,因此这不仅仅是一个纪念日,也是一个努力解决一个严重的公共卫生问题的日子。

If you have thoughts of sui/cide, confidential help is available for free at the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline. Call 1-800-273-8255. The line is available 24 hours every day.

如果你有关于自杀的想法,国家自杀预防生命线可以为您提供免费的保密帮助。电话1-800-273-8255。这条热线每天24小时开放。

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