全世界最适合养老的10个地方
10 best places to retire in the world
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2019-10-29 11:03
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火星译客

Any list of the 10 best places to retire in the world has to be subjective.

任何关于十大养老好去处的榜单都会带上个人观点。

You could think that Croatia is one of the 10 best places to retire in the world and your neighbor might think you're nuts.

你或许会认为克罗地亚是养老好去处,但你的邻居确认为你疯了。

Croatia? Aren't they having a war of some kind over there?

克罗地亚? 他们不是在打仗吗?

However, if you apply factors such as the cost of living, the climate, housing, taxes, health care, and recreation, it's possible to come up with a list of the 10 best places to retire in the world that is reasonably valid.

如果你的考虑因素包括生活开销、气候、住房、税务、医疗以及娱乐,那么以下这十大最佳养老去处就变得非常合理了。

One: Panama

1:巴拿马

It's possible that Panama might be the best place in the world to retire.

巴拿马或许是最适合宜居的国家。

The cost of living is very low, the people are friendly, the weather is reasonably good and the country offers a variety of interesting things to do and see.

生活开销很低,人民非常友好,气候宜人,而且还有许多好玩的和好看的东西。

One of the best things about Panama is it size. It is just 30,193 sq. mi., making it slightly smaller than South Carolina.

最吸引人的地方绝对是国土面积。它只有3万193平方英里的土地,比南卡州稍小一点。

The country has several modern hospitals, levies no taxes on foreign income and has a special program for retirees that offer a number of attractive perks.

该国有许多现代化医院,并不对外国人收入征税,为退休老人提供特殊项目服务,更有许多诱人的补助。

Two: Ecuador

2:厄瓜多尔

This friendly South American country straddles the equator-hence the name Ecuador.

这个位于南美洲的友好国家因横跨赤道被命名为厄瓜多尔。

Because it lies on the equator it gets exactly 12 hours of daylight every day, year'round.

因位于赤道,每天的日照时长为12个小时,全年如此。

Ecuador's weather is so temperate and dependable is often called the "country of eternal spring."

这里的气候宜人,厄瓜多尔还被称为“春天之国”。

Its economy is based on the US dollar, which gives it good economic stability and makes it easy for Americans to make financial transactions.

厄瓜多尔施行经济美元化,经济较为平稳,美国公民在此进行金融往来会非常方便。

Ecuador's low cost of living means that a person could live there for only about 17,000 dollars a year.

这里生活费用低廉,一年生活费仅为1.7万美金。

Its major cities have shopping, entertainment, museums and art galleries.

主要城市拥有购物广场,休闲娱乐产业,博物馆以及美术馆。

Three: Thailand

3:泰国

One of the things that makes Panama attractive as a place for retirees is that it's not that much different from the US, there is just a different language.

巴拿马之所以被列为最适宜养老国家,是因为它和美国生活无异,只是变了一种语言而已。

Beyond that, people are much the same as they are here.

此外,那里的居民和美国别无两样。

In contrast, Thailand is an exotic country, far different from our own, with people who have entirely different culture.

但相比之下,泰国就是一个拥有异域风情的国家了,与美国生活大不一样,拥有完全不一样的文化。

The country is "newly industrialized" due to the fact that it has become a well-known tourist destination.

因为它是著名的旅游国家,所以被称为“新工业化城市”。

Thailand's climate is tropical and it has a very low cost of living versus the US.

泰国为热带气候,生活费用相比于美国而言非常低廉。

Thai currency, the baht, exchanges at the rate of 30 to a dollar so you can actually rent a very nice apartment in a town such as Chiang Mai for the equivalent of 300 dollars a month.

那里美元比泰铢是1比30,所以您可以在清迈等地租住一套公寓,价格相当于每月300美金。

Four: Argentina

4:阿根廷

Argentina is another one of those South American countries you might not immediately think of when evaluating places to retire.

想到养老国家,这个南美国家或许不是你的第一选择。

If so, you should think again. Argentina has gorgeous landscapes, cosmopolitan cities and a lively culture.

如果您是这么想的,那您就大错特错了。阿根廷风景优美,有众多现代化城市,文化丰富多彩。

It is sort of like the backbone of South America as it stretches almost 3500 km (2,174 miles) from Bolivia to the tip of South America.

它就好比是南美的脊柱,从玻利维亚到南美最南端,阿根廷国土绵延近3500公里。

If you are a nature lover, you can traverse the Patagonian steppe, climb South America's highest peak, walk among thousands of Penguins and witness the world's most amazing waterfalls.

如果您是自然爱好者,那么一定要来巴塔哥尼亚草原看看,攀登南美最高峰,与数千只企鹅一同行走,见证全世界最壮观的瀑布。

Its major city, Buenos Aries, is full of opportunities to learn Spanish, dance the tango and interact with the locals.

这里的主要城市有布宜诺斯艾利斯,您有的是机会来学习西班牙语,学习跳探戈舞,与当地居民聊天畅谈。

The cost of living in most of Argentina is cheaper than here in the US.

相比于美国城市,这里的大部分城市生活费用低廉。

Its climate is wonderful, especially if you like sun and sand.

气候宜人,如果您喜欢沙滩和阳光的话,那就再适合不过了。

Finally, real estate there is much more affordable than in many developed countries, including the US.

最后,相比于美国在内的发达国家,这里的房价也十分亲民。

Five: Belize

5:伯利兹

If you start a conversation with any travel expert about the best places to live that are also very affordable, he or she will probably start with the country Belize.

询问任何一位旅游达人,问问他们全球最便宜居住地是哪里,他绝对会告诉你是伯利兹。

It is located in Central America and used to be called British Honduras. It is located on Central America's eastern coast and has beautiful beaches along the Caribbean Sea.

它位于中美洲,以前被叫做英属洪都拉斯。位于中美洲东海岸,加勒比海沿岸有许多优美的沙滩。

In addition to water sports, Belize has mountains with some of the oldest Mayan cities to be found in Central America.

除了海上运动,伯利兹还拥有许多著名山峰,还有众多古老的玛雅城市。

It has one of the lowest costs of living in the Caribbean and, as a retiree; you can get low-cost or even free medical and dental care, as well as free prescriptions.

如果是为了养老,那么它是加勒比海地区生活费用最低廉的国家之一,医疗和牙医费用低廉甚至是免费,当然开药也是免费的。

Belize offers world-class fishing, diving and boating on the world's second largest coral reef.

在全球面积第二大的珊瑚礁群,这里的垂钓、潜水以及划船体验绝对是世界一流的。

Six: Mexico

6:墨西哥

Our neighbor to the south has had some problems recently but these occur mostly along its border with the US.

美国南部邻国近日面临着诸多问题,但多数都出现在“墨美”边境一带。

If you drop down further into Mexico, you can find places to live that are inexpensive and safe.

如果您深入到墨西哥深处,您一定会发现这里的生活开销低廉,且安全舒适。

Mexico has a very low cost of living and housing is also inexpensive. You can get an apartment in even a "hot" area like Acapulco for as little as 300 dollars a month.

这里生活费用低廉,住房便宜。如果您可以在夜生活繁忙的阿卡普尔科等城市居住,那么月租金只有300美金。

If you want a truer Mexican experience, there are towns such as Oaxaca and Cueravaca that are rich with the Mexican culture and heritage.

如果您想真正体验墨西哥文化,一定要来瓦哈卡或者是库埃纳瓦卡等城市,这里文化底蕴深厚,遗产丰富。

The country has friendly people, many of whom speak English, and immaculate, sun-washed beaches.

人民热情好客,许多人都会说英语,金黄色沙滩更是数不胜数。

Seven: Costa Rica

7:哥斯达黎加

Name Costa Rica literally translates into "rich coast" and this is a good way to describe the country.

哥斯达黎加本意是“富饶的海岸”,用它来形容哥斯达黎加再适合不过了。

It is a wonderland of exotic flora and fauna and one of its chief attractions is tours through the country's rain forests.

这是一片充满异域动植物的仙境,这里的主要旅游景点就是观光热带雨林。

Like Belize, Costa Rica has a very diverse geography that includes beaches, rain forests and mountains.

和伯利兹一样,这里的地理风貌呈多样性发展,包括沙滩、热带雨林以及群山。

There are plenty of things to do outdoors such as kayaking, swimming, fishing, surfing, hiking, biking and many others.

户外娱乐活动多种多样,包括皮划艇、游泳、垂钓、冲浪、远足、骑车等等。

Its major city is San Jose, which is as an up-to-date and cosmopolitan city as you could wish for.

该国主要城市是圣何塞,这是一座现代感十足的大城市,和您期待的完全一样。

The cost of living in Costa Rica may not be as cheap as Belize but it is much less expensive than living here in the US or Europe.

生活费用不像伯利兹那样低廉,但比欧美国家要便宜的多。

Eight: Nicaragua

8:尼加拉瓜

Isn't Nicaragua that country where they had the Contras and all the fighting?

尼加拉瓜不是一个饱受战火的国家吗?

Well, yes, that's the country. But that's history. Today Nicaragua has a stable, democratically elected government. It is a beautiful country.

没错就是这里,但这早已成为往事。如今的尼加拉瓜发展稳定,民主,是一个美丽富饶的国家。

Nicaragua's capital, Managua, is a first-class city that plays home to many shops, fine restaurants and entertainment centers.

首都马那瓜绝对是现代化城市,拥有众多购物中心、高端餐厅以及娱乐中心。

Lake Nicaragua offers excellent opportunities for water sports and fishing. The country's climate is hot and humid with a "summer" dry season that runs from mid-November through mid-May.

尼加拉瓜湖绝对是享受水上运动和垂钓的好去处。气候温暖湿润,从11月中旬到次年的5月中旬,干燥的夏季气候将如期而至。

The "winter" rainy season runs from mid-May mid-November.

而从5月中旬到11月中旬,这里将迎来寒冷的雨季。

Nicaragua's cost of living is very reasonable as are its property costs.

这里的生活费和住房都十分低廉。

Nine: Florida

9:佛州

While you cannot live in Florida as cheaply as, say, Panama or Belize, it is a very affordable place and offers the added benefit of being in the US.

不像巴拿马或伯利兹,佛州的居住费用就没那么低廉了,但价格还是非常亲民的,如果您居住在美国,您还可以获得额外补助。

Florida welcomes retirees and offers several perks, including a 25,000 dollars real estate tax exemption.

佛州欢迎老年人居住,更为您提供额外津贴,包括2.5万美金的购房免费补贴。

The two main draws of Florida are its low cost of housing and, of course, it's climate. If you don't like winter, you'll love Florida.

在佛州有两大诱人之处,第一是房价低廉,第二当然是空气怡人。如果您不喜欢冬天,那您一定会爱上佛州。

Towns like Sarasota, Winter Park, Jacksonville and Key West have all different kinds of housing at many different prices.

像萨拉索塔、温特帕克、杰克逊维尔以及基维斯特等地方,房子的样式多种多样,价位更是有高有低。

They all offer a great lifestyle, historic buildings, and recreational opportunities and, in many cases senior retirement communities complete with golf courses, tennis courts and fitness centers.

这些地方绝对会给您不一样的生活体验,该州有众多历史古建筑,还有许多娱乐活动,许多老年社区拥有高尔夫球场、网球场以及健身中心。

Ten: North Carolina

10:北卡州

The state of North Carolina has emerged as one of the best places in America to live-whether you are a retiree or not.

不管您是想养老还是居住,北卡州都是全美最适宜的大州之一。

Its borders stretch from the Atlantic Ocean to the Blue Ridge Mountains so there are a wide variety of things to do outdoors, including fishing, sailing, hiking, and bird watching, biking and climbing.

从大西洋延伸至蓝岭山脉,户外选择可谓多种多样,包括垂钓、帆船、徒步、观鸟、自行车以及爬山。

Property costs in North Carolina are on the reasonable side, though certainly not as attractive as those of Mexico or Ecuador. Unlike these tropical countries, North Carolina has a nice four-season climate and not one of them is extreme.

房价也比较亲民,但远没有墨西哥或厄瓜多尔的吸引力大。这不像其它热带国家,北卡州四季气候都非常怡人,没有极端气候出现。

There are numerous small towns and cities in North Carolina with much to offer such as Durham, Pinehurst, Hendersonville and Wilmington.

该州有许多小城市和城镇,比如杜伦、派恩赫斯特、亨德森维尔以及威明顿。

The town of Pinehurst is almost synonymous with the word golf and it once hosted the U.S. Open.

派恩赫斯特可以算作全球高尔夫圣地,这里曾举办美国高尔夫公开赛。

Did you have all of these locations on your 10 best places to retire in the world list? Probably not.

以上十大养老圣地有您中意的吗? 或许没有。

There is no "one size fits" all retirement location that will please everyone.

不是所有人都会对这些地方动心。

Not everyone wants to live in a beautiful tropical weather paradise for the rest of their life.

也不是所有人都喜欢在美丽的热带国家度过后半生。

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