荷兰前十的旅游景点
Top 10 places to visit in the Netherlands
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2019-10-25 22:43
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火星译客

From atmospheric cellar bars and historic windmills to tulip fields and world-renown art, discover the delights of the top things to do in the Netherlands.

从超有感觉的地下酒吧和充满历史感的风车磨房到郁金香田和闻名于世的艺术,在荷兰,从那些最受欢迎的体验中发现快乐。

There's more to see in the Netherlands than its cosmopolitan and laidback capital of Amsterdam.

除了它那闲适的国际大都市阿姆斯特丹以外,荷兰有更多值得你去一看的地方。

The Netherlands may be a small country but it's packed with history, has beautiful countryside bursting with wildlife and unique flora, and a mind-blowing amount of world-class art and museums.

荷兰也许是一个很小的国家,但它历史悠久,乡村秀美,有着众多的野生动物和独特的植物群,并且这里世界级的艺术和博物馆数量惊人。

It's well worth venturing beyond Amsterdam's limits to discover an array of top sites and things to do around the Netherlands.

在阿姆斯特丹以外的地方去冒险,去发现一系列优美的地点和在荷兰周边可做的事情是非常值得的。

1: Rotterdam

1.鹿特丹

Culture vulture should head to Rotterdam.

文化狂热者应该直接去鹿特丹。

It's got outstanding contemporary and historic art collections, hosts the summer North Sea Jazz festival and International Film Festival, has plenty of lively clubs and bars, and boasts innovative architecture.

鹿特丹有杰出的现代和历史艺术藏品,这里也是夏季北海爵士乐节和国际电影节的举办地,有许多热闹的俱乐部和酒吧以及创新建筑。

According to the New York Times, "Rotterdam is increasingly to architecture what Paris is to fashion, or Los Angeles to entertainment."

依据时报,鹿特丹在建筑界的重要性正在逐渐增长,如同巴黎之于时尚圈,或者洛杉矶之于娱乐业。

Much of the city was destroyed in World War II paving the way for a selection of bold modern architecture, such as the 1980s Cube Houses, the Erasmus Bridge (nicknamed 'The Swan'), the Kunsthal Museum, and since 2014, Market Hall (Markthal), the strikingly curvaceous marketplace with an 11000 square meters mural ceiling over a mix of grocery stalls, restaurants and bars.

这座城市在二战期间几乎全毁了,这为鹿特丹大胆现代的建筑取向铺平了道路,如20世纪80年代的立方体房屋,伊拉斯谟斯大桥(昵称“天鹅大桥”),康索博物馆,而且在2014年建造了市场大厅。这是一个建筑曲线优美的市场,有11000平方米的壁画天花板,杂货店、餐馆和酒吧林立。

For a more historic atmosphere, head down to the tall and narrow harbour-side buildings around Delfshaven.

要想追寻更具历史感的氛围,径直去德夫哈芬附近窄而高的海港建筑。

2: Haarlem

2.哈勒姆

Only a stone's throw from Amsterdam is the charming city of Haarlem, in the middle of the Netherlands' tulip-growing region.

迷人的哈勒姆距离阿姆斯特丹只有一步之遥,位于荷兰郁金香生长区的中部地区。

As you walk the cobbled streets and take in the ornate 17th-century architecture or sit sipping a coffee on Grote Markt square among rising monumental buildings, it's easy to imagine the city as it was in its heyday during the Dutch Golden Age of the 17th century.

当你漫步在鹅卵石街道或者欣赏富丽堂皇的17世纪建筑,或者坐在四周环立着高耸的纪念性建筑的格罗特市集广场品一杯咖啡的时候,很容易想象自己正处在17世纪黄金时代鼎盛时期的荷兰。

It was a powerful place: a thriving commercial centre, an inspiration for artists, the tulip capital and producer of huge quantities of beer.

这是一个有影响力的地方:繁荣的商业中心,艺术家的灵感之地,郁金香之都,高品质啤酒的生产地。

You don't have to imagine what the citizens looked like, check out their vivid portraits by the Dutch master Frans Hals and others in the eponymous museum.

你不必想象这里的人们长啥样,看看荷兰大师弗兰斯·哈尔斯生动的肖像画,参观同名的博物馆你就知道了。

St Bavo Church, the eclectic collection in the Teylers Museum, and the city's almshouses are also worth a look.

圣巴沃教堂,泰勒斯博物馆不拘一格的收藏品,以及该市的养老院也值得一看。

3: Kinderdijk

3.小孩堤防

When you think of the Netherlands, you probably conjure up windmill images.

当提到荷兰的时候,你很大可能联想到风车的画面。

Historically they were a vital part of the water management system designed to prevent flooding in this low-lying land.

历史上,它们是水治系统的核心部分,是为了防止这片低洼地区出现洪涝而设计的。

Come to the village of Kinderdijk (which means 'children dike') not far from Rotterdam to admire the spectacular sight of a network of 19 fully functioning windmills on the polders.

来这个离鹿特丹不远的小孩堤防村庄,观赏这个由19个在圩田上完好运转的风车网形成的壮观景象。

They were built around 1740 and were awarded UNESCO World Heritage site status in 1997.

它们建于1740年左右,并于1997年被联合国教科文组织列入世界文化遗产名录。

Today you can see them in operation during the summer months.

今天你在夏天还能看见它们在翻转。

If you're visiting in winter, bring your ice skates and join the skaters on the frozen canals.

如果你冬天去,带上你的溜冰鞋和滑冰者们一起在冰封的运河上溜冰吧。

4: Utrecht

4.乌特勒支

The once fortified city of Utrecht is packed with buildings from the early Middle Ages – it's even got a moat running around it.

乌特勒支,这座曾设有防御工事的城市,现在满是中世纪早期的建筑——这座城市甚至有条护城河。

Founded by the Romans in 48AD, Utrecht has been the religious centre of the country since the 8th century, which makes its main landmark – the almost 700-year-old Gothic Dom Tower – seem positively modern.

公元48年,罗马人建立了乌特勒支。自8世纪起,这座城市就是全国的宗教中心。这使得它的主要地标——将近700年的哥特式主教座堂塔楼——看起来很现代。

Take a stroll along the curved Oudegracht (old canal) and stop for a drink at a converted cellar cafe.

沿着蜿蜒的古运河散个步,在改造的地下咖啡厅歇下,喝杯咖啡。

Visit the UNESCO World Heritage listed Rietveld Schrder House exemplifying De Stijl ('The Style') art movement of the 1920s.

参观被联合国教科文组织世界文化遗产的施罗德住宅,它完美阐释了20世纪20年代的“风格”艺术运动。

To relive your childhood head to the Miffy Museum (open February 2016), or the Dick Bruna House, dedicated to the creator of Miffy.

要想重温童年,那就去米菲博物馆(2016年2月开业)或者去参观迪克·布鲁纳之家——献给米菲兔的创造者。

5: De Hoge Veluwe National Park

5.梵高国家森林公园

Jump on one of the 1,700 free white bicycles that are on hand to explore the 41km (25 miles) of paths around 5,400 hectares of sand dunes, woodland, heathland, peat bogs and an al fresco sculpture area in the De Hoge Veluwe National Park.

跳上1700辆免费白色自行车中的其中附近一辆,探索41公里(25英里)长的道路。沿途有大约5400公顷的沙丘,林地,欧石楠区,泥炭沼泽地以及德霍格韦鲁威国家公园的一个壁画雕塑区。

Home to rare Red List species such as the Wheatear, the Wryneck and the Moor Frog, you might also see wild boar, red deer and nearly 500 different species of plants.

这里也有红名单上的稀有物种,如穗鵖 ,蚁鴷和田野林蛙,这里也可以看见野猪,赤鹿以及几乎500种不同种类的植物。

In the heart of the park is the Kröller-Müller Museum, which contains a large collection of Van Goghs.

公园的中心地带则是库勒慕勒美术馆,这里有大量的梵高收藏品。

Not far away is the beautiful city of Elburg, with its medieval buildings, and Arnhem, where the famous Battle for Arhem took place.

公园不远就是美丽的城市——埃尔堡,埃尔堡有中世纪的建筑以及阿纳姆,这是著名的阿纳姆战役的发生地。

6: The Hague

6.海牙

The Hague or Den Haag is the seat of the Dutch government and home to the Dutch Royal family.

海牙是荷兰政府所在地,也是荷兰皇室所在地。

This elegant city has wide leafy streets, several palaces, fantastic restaurants, smart hotels, luxury shops, loads of museums and a whole clutch of beautiful and historic squares such as the Plein and Grokte Markt,

这座优雅的城市有着宽阔的林荫道,若干座宫殿,一流的餐厅,时尚的酒店,奢华的商店,大量的博物馆,一群漂亮的古广场,如普林广场和格罗特广场。

where you can enjoy a coffee by day and go clubbing by night.

在那儿,白天你可以喝咖啡,到晚上你可以去俱乐部。

Take a tour of Het Binnenhof, the home of the Dutch parliament since 1446.

去一趟国会大厦,这里自1446年开始就是荷兰国会的所在地。

Art fiends can view the world's largest Mondrian collection in the Art Deco buildings of the Gemeentemuseum Den Haag (Municipal Museum) as well as a selection of Golden Age masterpieces in the Mauritshuis museum.

艺术朋友们可以去艺术装饰风格的海牙市立博物馆参观蒙德里安的画作,那里是世界最大的蒙德里安画作收藏地。海牙皇家莫里茨美术馆藏有荷兰黄金时代的画品杰作。

If you have kids (or you're a big kid yourself) a day in the miniature world of Madurodam should keep everyone happy.

如果你有孩子(或者你自己就是个大孩子),那么在马德罗丹的小人国玩一天,你们应该会玩得很开心。

7: Keukenhof Gardens

7.库肯霍夫公园

Back in the 17th century, the world's financial markets went tulip-mad.

早在17世纪,全球金融市场刮了一股郁金香风。

The price of Dutch tulip bulbs skyrocketed and then plummeted, and fortunes were made and lost in the world's first recorded speculative 'bubble'.

荷兰郁金香球茎价格暴涨,然后暴跌,这是世界上第一个有记录的投机“泡沫”,它创造了财富,也让人们失去了财富。

Flowers are still the country's major industry.

鲜花还是这个国家的主要产业。

The floating flower market (Bloemenmarkt) on Amsterdam's Singel canal, Utrecht's flower market and the Aalsmeer flower auction are all must-sees.

阿姆斯特丹单运河上的流动花卉市场,乌特勒支花卉市场和阿斯米尔花卉拍卖市场都是必游之地。

To see the tulips growing in in the spring, head to the bulb fields behind the North Sea dunes between the cities of Leiden and Den Helder, or to Keukenhof where you can see an amazing seven million flowers, tulips, narcissi, daffodils and hyacinths – in bloom during March to May.

想看春天里正在生长的郁金香,就直接去位于莱顿市和登海尔德市之间,北海沙丘后面的郁金香球茎田,或者去库肯霍夫。那里的七百万棵花朵足以令你惊叹,郁金香、水仙花、黄水仙和风信子在3-5月间开花。

8: Maastricht

8.马斯特里赫特

In the south of the Netherlands Maastricht seems 'less Dutch' than other Dutch cities; it has Spanish and Roman ruins, French-influenced architecture, an international atmosphere, perhaps because it's so close to Belgium and Germany and it's even surrounded by hills.

位于荷兰南部的马斯特里赫特相较于其他城市似乎没有那么浓的“荷兰”风味。它有西班牙和罗马遗迹,法风建筑,国际化环境,也许因为它临近比利时和德国,所以它四面环山。

Set either side of the Meuse river it's a truly beautiful place, with a historic centre filled with churches, squares (have a beer in the cobblestoned het Vrijthof square), old houses, fortifications and museums above ground, and miles of tunnels and caves (the Caves of St Pieter and the Casements) underground.

谬斯河的两岸是一个真正美丽的地方,它有一个古老的中心,那里都是教堂,广场(你可以在铺满鹅卵石的弗莱特霍夫广场喝份啤酒),古老的屋子,堡垒以及博物馆,地下有绵延数里的隧道和地下洞窟(圣彼得堡洞窟和要塞)。

Maastricht is also renowned for its world-class restaurants(five Michelin-starred restaurants within five miles of the centre), so come hungry and equipped with a credit card.

马斯特里赫特还有盛名的世界一流的餐厅(这个中心五英里之内有五个米其林星级餐厅),所以带上你的信用卡饿着肚子来这里饱餐一顿吧。

9: Wadden islands

9.瓦登群岛

Off the northern Dutch coast are the five Wadden islands, part of a chain of 50 islands encircling the Wadden Sea between Den Helder in the Netherlands and Esbjerg in Denmark.

荷兰北海岸不远处就是五个瓦尔登岛。瓦登群岛属于环绕荷兰登海尔德和丹麦埃斯堡之间的瓦登海的50个岛屿组成的岛链的一部分。

Texel has long, sandy beaches, Terschelling has huge colonies of birds in the Boschplaat nature reserve, Ameland has a history of whaling, the forested Vlieland is the most remote and Schiermonnikoog is the smallest.

瓦登群岛的特塞尔岛有长长的沙滩,泰尔斯海灵的Boschplaat自然保护区有众多的鸟群,阿默兰岛有捕鲸的历史,最远岛是林木覆盖的弗利兰岛,最小的岛是斯希蒙尼克岛。

Boat hop between the five or if you're up to the challenge, try wadlopen or mud-walking, sometimes through thigh-high mud or waist-high water – --across the seabed at low tide.

在五座岛屿之间跳岛游或者你打算找点挑战浅海徒步或者泥泞徒行,有时通过大腿高的泥或者腰深的水——在低潮时穿过海水。

This is definitely not for softies: some people call it 'horizontal alpinism'.

这当然不适合体弱的人:一些人称呼它为地平线上的阿尔卑斯山。

10: Delft

10.代尔夫特

Old master Johannes Vermeer, one of the greatest painters of the 17th-century Dutch Golden Age(The Girl with the Pearl Earring is one of his), lived and worked here, and it's also where the famous hand-painted, blue and white Delft Blue earthenware has been made since the 17th century.

早期绘画大师约翰内斯·维米尔,他是17世纪荷兰黄金时代最伟大的画家之一《戴珍珠耳环的少女》就是他的作品之一,他在代尔夫特生活和工作,这里也是17世纪以来著名的手工绘制的蓝白色代尔夫特蓝陶的出产地。

Like Amsterdam, Delft is a city built on canals(the word delft comes from delven meaning 'to dig') that were designed as lifelines and defences.

和阿姆斯特丹一样,代尔夫特是一座建在运河上的城市,(单词代尔夫特源自德文,意思是‘挖掘’)它是人们的生命线和防御线。

You can easily spend a weekend here wandering around the historic centre, exploring market stalls, visiting the Prinsenhof Museum (associated with William of Orange, you can even see the bullet holes in the wall where he was assassinated in 1584), the Renaissance style City Hall and the churches, including the Oud and Nieuwe Kerk.

你可以简单在这里花一周时间逛逛古老的中心区,探索市场货摊,参观普林森霍夫博物馆(这个博物馆与威廉·奥兰治有关。你甚至可以在里面看见他1584年遇刺时候墙上的弹孔),看一看文艺复兴风格的市政厅和教堂,包括代尔夫特奥德教堂和新教堂。

Climb to the top of the latter's tower to see Rotterdam and The Hague on a clear day.

在晴朗的日子里,你还可以爬到代尔夫特新教堂的塔顶远眺鹿特丹和海牙。

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