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Zhu Ziqing

朱自清
Zhu Ziqing
379字
2019-09-17 11:46
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Zhu Ziqing

朱自清(1898-1948),字佩弦,浙江绍兴人,是我国著名的文学家、清华大学教授。他一生清贫。1948年,由于国/民/党统治区政治腐败,物价飞涨,朱自清身为清华大学中文系主任,每月薪水也只能买三袋面粉,一家人时常缺吃少穿。他本人身体十分虚弱,胃病日益严重,却无钱医治。但是,6月18日,他却在一份《抗/议美国扶日政策并拒绝领取美援面粉宣言》上毫不迟疑地签了名。

Zhu Ziqing(1898-1948), courtesy name Peixuan, is a local of Shaoxing county, Zhejiang province; he is a prominent litterateur and a professor of Tsinghua University. He experienced poverty but remained clean all his life. In 1948 when corruptive politics and soaring prices were rampant in Kuomintang controlled area, Zhu Ziqing, Dean of the Department of Chinese language and literature, earned a salary that was enough only to buy three sacks of flour, and  his family always suffered the scarcities of basic necessities. In spite of his delicate health and worsening stomach trouble, he could not afford to go to the hospital. Yet on June 18, without hesitation, he signed his name in the Declaration of Protest Against Us'  Support-of-Japan Policy  and Refusal of US Relief Flour.

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朱自清拒领“救济粮”,加重了家庭生活的困难,也进一步影响到了病情。他在日记中写道:“此事每月须损失六万法币,影响家中甚大,但余仍决定签名。”他认为,这是关系到民族气节的大事,所以自己“决不逃避个人责任”。更可贵的是,此后不到两个月,他病重住院,临终前还叮嘱家人:“我是在拒绝美援面粉的文件上签过名的。我们家以后不要买国/民/党配给的美国面粉!”朱自清至死不渝,维护了中华民族的气节和尊严。

Zhu Ziqing's repudiation of "relief food" added to his family's financial reverse, and to make matters worse, his illness was aggravated. On his diary, he wrote, " Although this may cause a monthly loss of 60 thousands legal tender and great pressure to the family, I'v still decided to sign. " In his opinion, this was a matter of national integrity, and he would never shirk his personal responsibility. What's remarkable, when he was hospitalized two months later for his deteriorating illness, on his deathbed, he still told his families,"I've signed on the Declaration to boy cott American flour. Our family must never buy American flour allotted by Kuomintang." Zhu Ziqing upheld Chinese nation's integrity and dignity until his last moment. 

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