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请关注2019年的这7起比特币骗局

Pay Attention to These 7 Bitcoin Scams in 2019
请关注2019年的这7起比特币骗局
1840字
2019-09-21 20:28
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请关注2019年的这7起比特币骗局

Bitcoin - the possible Pandora's Box of the currency world - has never been short of controversy. Whether it be aiding the black market or scamming users out of millions, bitcoin is no stranger to the front page.

比特币——可能成为货币世界的潘多拉魔盒——从来就不乏争议。无论是帮助黑市,还是诈骗数百万用户,比特币在头版上并不陌生。

Still, the jury is out on the legality and usefulness of bitcoin - leaving it in a proverbial grey area. Bitcoin's price has fluctuated throughout 2019, falling and rising, currently hovering near $10,000. Perhaps you've found bitcoin while it looks to be on the rebound and find yourself interested in it as an investment.

不过,对于比特币的合法性和实用性,目前还没有定论——这让它处于众所周知的灰色地带。比特币的价格在2019年上下波动,时而下跌,时而上涨,目前在1万美元附近徘徊。也许你在比特币看起来正在反弹的时候发现了它,并发现自己对它感兴趣,把它当作一种投资。

However, there have been several legitimate bitcoin scams that have become infamous, and you need to know about them - but, what are the top 7 bitcoin scams? And how can you avoid them?

然而,已经有几个合法的比特币骗局变得臭名昭著,你需要知道他们——但是,前7个比特币骗局是什么?你怎样才能避免它们呢?

What Is a Bitcoin Scam?

什么是比特币骗局?

For most cases, it may be pretty obvious what a scam is - but with bitcoin, and cryptocurrency in general, things become murkier. Bitcoin itself is an unregulated form of currency that essentially is a mere number that is only given value because of an agreement. It's basically like a moneybag with a lock on it - the code of which is given to the recipient of the bitcoin (an analogy drawn by Forbes in 2017).

在大多数情况下,什么是骗局可能是非常明显的——但是对于比特币,以及一般的加密货币,事情变得更加模糊。比特币本身是一种不受监管的货币形式,本质上只是一个数字,只有通过协议才有价值。它基本上就像一个带锁的钱袋——密码是给比特币的接收者的(福布斯在2017年做了一个类比)。

Bitcoin scams have been famously criminal and public in nature. With no bank as a middleman in exchange, things become more complicated; so hackers and con men have had a heyday.

众所周知,比特币骗局在本质上是犯罪和公开的。由于没有银行作为交易的中间人,情况变得更加复杂;因此,黑客和骗子已经达到了鼎盛时期。

Top 7 Bitcoin Scams

7大比特币骗局

There have been (and undoubtedly will be) nearly countless bitcoin scams, but these frauds make the list of the top 7 worst bitcoin scams to date. Take note.

过去有过(而且毫无疑问将会有)无数的比特币骗局,但这些骗局都是迄今为止最糟糕的7个比特币骗局。注意了。

1. Malware Scams

1. 恶意软件诈骗

Malware has long been the hallmark of many online scams. But with cryptocurrency, it poses an increased threat given the nature of the currency in and of itself.

恶意软件长期以来一直是许多网络诈骗的标志。但考虑到加密货币本身的性质,它对加密货币构成的威胁越来越大。

Recently, a tech support site called Bleeping Computer issued a warning about cryptocurrency-targeting malware in hopes of saving customers from sending cryptocoins via transactions, reported Yahoo Finance.

据雅虎财经报道,最近,一个名为Bleeping Computer的技术支持网站发布了一个针对加密货币恶意软件的警告,希望以此来避免客户通过交易发送加密货币。

"This type of malware, called CryptoCurrency Clipboard Hijackers, works by monitoring the Windows clipboard for cryptocurrency addresses, and if one is detected, will swap it out with an address that they control," wrote Lawrence Abrahams, computer forensics and creator of Bleeping Computer.

“这类恶意软件被称为加密货币剪贴板劫持者,其工作原理是监控Windows剪贴板上的加密货币地址,如果发现一个,就用他们控制的地址替换掉它,”电脑取证专家、哔哔作响电脑(Bleeping computer)的创始人劳伦斯·亚伯拉罕斯(Lawrence Abrahams)写道。

The malware, CryptoCurrency Clipboard Hijackers (which reportedly manages 2.3 million bitcoin addresses) switches addresses used to transfer cryptocoin with ones the malware controls - thus transferring the coins to the scammers instead. And, according to Asia Times, even MacOS malware has been connected to malware scams involving cryptocurrency investors using trusted sites like Slack and Discord chats - coined "OSX.Dummy."

该恶意软件名为CryptoCurrency Clipboard Hijackers(据报道管理着230万个比特币地址),它将用来传输加密币的地址与恶意软件控制的地址交换,从而将这些比特币转移给骗子。据《亚洲时报》报道,甚至连MacOS恶意软件也被与恶意软件诈骗联系在一起。恶意软件诈骗涉及使用Slack和不和聊天等可信网站的加密货币投资者。

2. Fake Bitcoin Exchanges - BitKRX

2. 假比特币交易所-比特币

Surely one of the easiest ways to scam investors is to pose as an affiliate branch of a respectable and legitimate organization. Well, that's exactly what scammers in the bitcoin field are doing.

当然,欺骗投资者最简单的方法之一就是冒充一个体面合法组织的附属分支机构。嗯,这正是比特币领域的骗子们所做的。

South Korean scam BitKRX presented itself as a place to exchange and trade bitcoin, but was ultimately fraudulent. The fake exchange took on part of the name of the real Korean Exchange (KRX), and scammed people out of their money by posing as a respectable and legitimate cryptocurrency exchange.

韩国骗局比特币交易所(BitKRX)自称是一个交易比特币的场所,但最终是欺诈行为。这家假交易所的部分名称为“真实的韩国交易所”(KRX),通过伪装成一家体面而合法的加密货币交易所,骗取人们的钱财。

BitKRX claimed to be a branch of the KRX, a creation of KOSDAQ, South Korean Futures Exchange, and South Korean Stock Exchange, according to Coin Telegraph.

据《硬币电讯报》报道,比特币自称是韩国证券交易所(KOSDAQ)、韩国期货交易所(South korea Futures Exchange)和韩国证券交易所(South korea Stock Exchange)的一个分支。

BitKRX used this faux-affiliation to ensnare people to use their system. The scam was exposed in 2017.

BitKRX利用这种假关联诱骗人们使用他们的系统。该骗局于2017年曝光。

3. Ponzi Scheme - MiningMax

3. MiningMax庞氏骗局

"Ponzi bitcoin scam" has got to be the worst combination of words imaginable for financial gurus. And, the reality is just as bad.

对于金融大师来说,“庞氏比特币骗局”(Ponzi bitcoin scam)肯定是他们能想到的最糟糕的词汇组合。而现实也同样糟糕。

Several organizations have scammed people out of millions with Ponzi schemes using bitcoins, including South Korean website MiningMax. The site, which was not registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, promised to provide investors with daily ROI's in exchange for an original investment and commission from getting others to invest (basically, a Ponzi scheme). Apparently, the site was asking people to invest $3,200 for daily ROI's over two years, and a $200 referral commission for every personally recruited investor, reports claim.

包括韩国MiningMax网站在内的几家机构利用比特币诈骗了数百万人。该网站没有在美国证券交易委员会(sec)注册,它承诺为投资者提供每日的投资回报率,以换取原始投资和让其他人投资的佣金(基本上是庞氏骗局)。据报道,显然,该网站要求人们在两年多的时间里每天为ROI投资3200美元,并为每位个人招募的投资者提供200美元的推荐佣金。

MiningMax's domain was privately registered in mid-2016, and had a binary compensation structure. The fraudulent crypto-currency scam was reported by affiliates, resulting in 14 arrests in Korea in December of 2017.

MiningMax的域名在2016年年中进行了私人注册,并采用了二元薪酬结构。该欺诈性密码货币骗局被关联公司举报,导致韩国在2017年12月逮捕了14人。

Korea has long been a leader in technological developments - bitcoin is no exception. However, after recent controversy, it seems as though this is changing.

韩国长期以来一直是技术发展的领导者——比特币也不例外。然而,在最近的争议之后,这种情况似乎正在改变。

"But a lot of governments are looking at this very carefully," Yoo Byung-joon, business administration professor at Seoul National University and co-author of the 2015 research paper "Is Bitcoin a Viable E-Business?: Empirical Analysis of the Digital Currency's Speculative Nature," told South China Morning Post in January. "Some are even considering putting their currencies on the blockchain system. The biggest challenge facing bitcoin now is the potential for misuse, but that's true of any new technology."

首尔国立大学(Seoul National University)工商管理学教授、2015年研究论文《比特币是可行的电子商务吗?:数字货币投机性质的实证分析。“一些国家甚至在考虑将本国货币纳入区块链体系。比特币目前面临的最大挑战是可能被滥用,但任何新技术都是如此。”

4. Fake Bitcoin Scam - My Big Coin

4. 假比特币骗局-我的大硬币

A classic (but no less dubious) scam involving bitcoin and cryptocurrency is simply, well, fake currency. One such arbiter of this faux bitcoin was My Big Coin. Essentially, the site sold fake bitcoin. Plain and simple.

一个涉及比特币和加密货币的经典(但同样可疑)骗局就是假货币。这种假比特币的仲裁者之一就是我的大硬币。本质上,该网站出售的是假比特币。普通的和简单的。

In early 2018, My Big Coin, a cryptocurrency scam that lured investors into sinking an alleged $6 million, was sued by the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission, according to a CFTC case filed in late January.

CFTC今年1月底提交的一份案件显示,2018年初,美国商品期货交易委员会(CFTC)对My Big Coin提起了诉讼。My Big Coin是一种加密货币骗局,诱使投资者投入据称600万美元的资金。

The CFTC case further details that the suit was due to "commodity fraud and misappropriation related to the ongoing solicitation of customers for a virtual currency known as My Big Coin (MBC)," further charging the scam with "misappropriating over $6 million from customers by, among other things, transferring customer funds into personal bank accounts, and using those funds for personal expenses and the purchase of luxury goods."

CFTC案件更多细节,西装是由于“商品正在征集相关的欺诈和挪用客户的虚拟货币被称为我的大硬币(MBC),“进一步充电的骗局”盗用客户超过600万美元,除此之外,将客户资金转移到个人银行账户,并利用这些资金为个人费用和购买奢侈品。”

Among other things, the site fraudulently claimed that the coin was being actively traded on several platforms, and even mislead investors by claiming it was also partnered with MasterCard, according to the CFTC case.

CFTC的案件显示,该网站还谎称比特币在多个平台上活跃交易,甚至声称比特币也是万事达(MasterCard)的合作伙伴,以此误导投资者。

Those sued included Randall Carter, Mark Gillespie and the My Big Coin Pay, Inc.

被起诉的公司包括兰德尔·卡特、马克·吉莱斯皮和My Big Coin Pay, Inc。

5. ICO Scam - Bitcoin Savings and Trust and Centra Tech

5. ICO骗局-比特币储蓄和信托与先涛科技

Still other scammers have used ICO's - initial coin offerings - to dupe users out of their money.

还有一些骗子利用ICO的首次投币服务骗取用户的钱财。

Along with the rise in blockchain-backed companies, fake ICOs became popular as a way to back these new companies. However, given the unregulated nature of bitcoin itself, the door has been wide open for fraud.

随着区块链支持的公司数量的增加,假ICOs作为支持这些新公司的一种方式变得流行起来。然而,鉴于比特币本身不受监管的性质,欺诈的大门一直敞开着。

Most ICO frauds have taken place through getting investors to invest in or through fake ICO websites using faulty wallets, or by posing as real cryptocurrency-based companies.

大多数ICO欺诈都是通过让投资者使用有问题的钱包投资于ICO网站,或通过伪造的ICO网站,或伪装成真正的加密货币公司来实施的。

Notably, $32 million Centra Tech garnered celebrity support (most famously from DJ Khaled), but was exposed for ICO fraud back in April of 2018, according to Fortune. The company was sued for misleading investors and lying about products, among other fraudulent activities.

值得注意的是,3200万美元的Centra Tech获得了名人的支持(最著名的是DJ哈立德),但据《财富》(Fortune)报道,该公司早在2018年4月就被曝出ICO欺诈。该公司因误导投资者和在产品上撒谎等欺诈行为而被起诉。

The famous DJ wrote his support in a caption on Instagram back in 2017.

早在2017年,这位著名的DJ就在Instagram的标题中表达了他的支持。

"I just received my titanium centra debit card. The Centra Card & Centra Wallet app is the ultimate winner in Cryptocurrency debit cards powered by CTR tokens!" Khaled wrote.

“我刚刚收到了我的钛centra借记卡。Centra Card & Centra Wallet应用程序是基于CTR令牌的加密货币借记卡的最终赢家!”哈立德写道。

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission even issued a warning in 2017 about ICO scams and faux investment opportunities, brought on by a slew of celebrities who promoted certain ICOs (like Paris Hilton and Floyd Mayweather Jr. to name a few).

美国证券交易委员会(sec)甚至在2017年就ICO欺诈和虚假投资机会发出了警告,这些欺诈和虚假投资机会是由许多名人促成的,他们推广了某些ICO(比如帕里斯•希尔顿(Paris Hilton)和小弗洛伊德•梅威瑟(Floyd Mayweather Jr.))。

"Any celebrity or other individual who promotes a virtual token or coin that is a security must disclose the nature, scope, and amount of compensation received in exchange for the promotion," the SEC wrote in an Investor Alert in 2017. "A failure to disclose this information is a violation of the anti-touting provisions of the federal securities laws."

美国证交会在2017年的一份投资者警告中写道:“任何名人或其他个人推广虚拟币或硬币作为一种证券,都必须披露其性质、范围和获得的报酬金额。”“不披露这些信息违反了联邦证券法的反兜售规定。”

Another example is Bitcoin Savings and Trust, which was fined $40.7 million in 2014 by the SEC for creating fake investments and using a Ponzi scheme to scam investors. According to Coin Telegraph, Trenton Shavers, the organization's leader, allegedly scammed investors into giving him 720,000 bitcoins promising a 7% weekly interest on investments - which he then used to pay back old investors and even fill his personal bank accounts.

另一个例子是比特币储蓄信托公司(Bitcoin Savings and Trust)。2014年,该公司因制造虚假投资并利用庞氏骗局欺骗投资者,被SEC罚款4070万美元。据英国《硬币电讯报》报道,该组织负责人特伦顿·谢弗斯涉嫌诈骗投资者,向他提供72万比特币,承诺每周7%的投资利息——然后他用这些钱偿还老投资者,甚至填满他的个人银行账户。

6. Bitcoin Gold Scam - mybtgwallet.com

6. 比特币黄金骗局- mybtgwallet.com

Nothing catches the eye of the naïve quite like the promise of gold - bitcoin gold, of course.

没有什么比黄金的承诺更能吸引天真的目光了——当然是比特币黄金。

That is exactly what mybtgwallet.com did to unsuspecting bitcoin investors.

这正是mybtgwallet.com对毫无戒心的比特币投资者所做的。

According to CNN, the bitcoin gold (BTG) wallet duped investors out of $3.2 million in 2017 by promising to allow them to claim their bitcoin gold. The website allegedly used links on a legitimate website (Bitcoin Gold) to get investors to share their private keys or seeds with the scam, as this old screenshot from the website shows.

据美国有线电视新闻网(CNN)报道,2017年,比特币黄金(BTG)钱包骗走了投资者320万美元,因为它承诺允许投资者认领他们的比特币黄金。据称,该网站使用合法网站(比特币黄金)上的链接,让投资者分享他们的私人密钥或种子,就像该网站的旧截图所显示的那样。

Before the scam was done, the website managers (slash scammers) was able to get their hands on $107,000 worth of bitcoin gold, $72,000 of litecoin, $30,000 of ethereum, and $3 million of bitcoin, according to CNN.

据CNN报道,在这场骗局发生之前,网站经理们(斜线骗子)能够拿到价值10.7万美元的比特币黄金、7.2万美元的莱特币、3万美元的以太币和300万美元的比特币。

Bitcoin Gold, the site's wallet used in the scam, began investigating shortly after, but the site remains controversial. Still, firm released a warning to bitcoin investors.

该网站用于诈骗的钱包比特币黄金(Bitcoin Gold)不久后开始调查,但该网站仍存在争议。尽管如此,该公司还是向比特币投资者发出了警告。

"It's worth reminding everyone that it will never be truly safe to enter your private key or mnemonic phrase for a pre-existing wallet into any online website," Bitcoin Gold wrote. "When you want to sweep new coins from a pre-fork wallet address, best practice is the same as after other forks: Send your old coins to a new wallet first, before you expose the private keys of the original wallet. Following this basic rule of private key management greatly reduces your risk of theft."

比特币黄金写道:“值得提醒的是,在任何一个在线网站上输入你的私人密钥或已有钱包的助记短语永远不会真正安全。”“当你想要从一个pre-fork钱包地址中清除新硬币时,最佳实践与其他分叉之后的操作是一样的:在暴露原始钱包的私钥之前,先将旧硬币发送到一个新钱包中。遵循私钥管理的这一基本规则,大大降低了被盗的风险。”

7. Pump and Dump Scam

7. 泵倾倒骗局

While this type of scam is certainly not relegated to just bitcoin (thank you for the education, "The Wolf of Wall Street"), a pump-and-dump scam is especially dangerous in the internet space.

虽然这种类型的骗局肯定不只是比特币(感谢你的教育,“华尔街之狼”),但在互联网领域,一笔又一笔的骗局尤其危险。

The basic idea is that investors hype up (or "pump up") a certain bitcoin - that is usually an alternative coin that is very cheap but high risk - via investor's websites, blogs, or even Reddit, according to The Daily Dot. Once the scammers pump up a certain bitcoin enough, skyrocketing its value, they cash out and "dump" their bitcoin onto the naïve investors who bought into the bitcoin thinking it was the next big thing.

据Daily Dot网站报道,比特币的基本理念是,投资者通过自己的网站、博客,甚至是Reddit来炒作(或“注入”)某种比特币。比特币通常是一种另类货币,非常便宜,但风险很高。一旦骗子们把一定数量的比特币推高到足够高的水平,使其价值飙升,他们就会套现,然后把自己的比特币“倾倒”给那些天真的投资者,这些投资者认为比特币将成为下一个大热门。

Bittrex, a popular bitcoin exchange site, released a set of guidelines to avoid bitcoin pump-and-dump scams.

比特币交易网站Bittrex发布了一套准则,以避免比特币的“泵和转储”骗局。

While "stackin' penny stocks" may sound like an appealing way to earn an extra buck (thanks to its glamorization by Jordan Belfort), messing in bitcoin scams is nothing to smirk at.

虽然“囤积廉价股”听起来像是一种赚外快的诱人方式(多亏了乔丹贝尔福特(Jordan Belfort)对它的美化),但卷入比特币骗局并没有什么值得嘲笑的。

How to Avoid Bitcoin Scams

如何避免比特币诈骗

With the inevitable rise of bitcoin in current and coming years, it is becoming increasingly important to understand and be on the lookout for bitcoin scams that could cost you thousands. As more people become interested in Bitcoin, more people are also likely to try and pull off a scam.

随着比特币在当前和未来几年不可避免的崛起,了解并警惕可能让你损失数千美元的比特币骗局变得越来越重要。随着越来越多的人对比特币感兴趣,也有越来越多的人可能会试图诈骗。

There is no one formula to avoiding being scammed, but reading up on the latest bitcoin red flags, keeping information private, and double checking sources before investing in anything are good standard procedures that may help save you from being duped. Cryptocurrency can be a confusing topic even for the experienced Bitcoin enthusiast, so the more you read up on the world of Bitcoin, the more prepared you can be. After all, knowledge is power.

没有一个公式可以避免被骗,但是阅读最新的比特币危险信号,保持信息的私密性,在投资任何东西之前仔细检查来源,这些都是很好的标准程序,可以帮助你避免被骗。即使对经验丰富的比特币爱好者来说,加密货币也可能是一个令人困惑的话题,所以你对比特币世界了解得越多,你就越有准备。毕竟,知识就是力量。

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