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How Mencius' Mother Educates Her Son

孟母教子
How Mencius' Mother Educates Her Son
413字
2019-09-16 17:41
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How Mencius' Mother Educates Her Son

孟子幼时家迁居墓地附近,耳濡目染的尽是些丧葬礼仪的事情,他就和小朋友一起模仿着挖墓筑坟的祭奠。孟母感到长此下去对儿子的教育不利,于是就搬家了。新居靠近集市,孟子又学着商人做买卖,怎样和人讨价还价,孟母不愿自己的孩子长大成个商人,于是又搬家了。

When Mencius was young ,his family used to migrate to somewhere nearby a graveyard. Fully exposed to funeral ceremonies, Mencius and his playmates imitated burying and mourning proceedings. Mencius' mother thought the surroundings could badly affected her son's education, so she moved their home to other location. Their new house was located at a market neighborhood, where Mencius began to learn the ways of business people, bargaining and haggling. Unwilling to make her son grow up as a businessman, Mencius' mother relocated their home again.

第三次的新居在学校附近,孟子就跟着学生学习诗书礼仪,揖让进退,等等。孟母认为找到了理想的地方,于是决定在这里长住下去。由此可见,孟母深知环境对孩子成长的影响。这就是”孟母三迁“故事的由来。

This time they moved into the house adjacent to a school, where Mencius began to learn the Classics and etiquette along with the students. Mencius thought it was a right place for her son's upbringing and decided to stayed there permanently. This shows that Mencius' mother clearly understood the  surrounding influence to children's growth. These are the stories about how " Mencius' mother moved three times".

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孟子逐渐成长,一次未到放学时间就回家了,孟母把他叫到织布机旁,让他看自己织布。织了很长一段时间,孟母突然用刀子把布割断,孟子不明白怎么回事,连忙问母亲究竟。这时孟母耐心地对他说:”你学习半途而废,就如同我把这本来可以织成完整的一匹布割断是一个道理。“母亲的谆谆教导,深深地印在孟子的脑海之中,从此他发奋图强,刻苦读书,终于成了战国时期,也是我国历史上著名的思想家、教育家。

One day, Mencius came back home before school let out. His mother called him to stand by the loom and watch her weaving. After quite a while, She abruptly cut the unfinished cloth off with a knife, which made Mencius puzzled and asked his mother why. The mother explained patiently," If you quit school half way, it's like my cutting the cloth before it is finished." The mother's induction profoundly impressed Mencius. From then on, Mencius studied assiduously and eventually became a prominent ideologist and educator during the Warrior States period and he has been remembered throughout Chinese history.

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