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运动锻炼能防御抑郁障碍和焦虑症

Physical fitness may help prevent depression, anxiety
运动锻炼能防御抑郁障碍和焦虑症
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2019-08-24 06:12
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运动锻炼能防御抑郁障碍和焦虑症

Although there is evidence that exercise can boost mental health, scientists know less about whether physical fitness can prevent the onset of mental health conditions. A recent systematic review and meta-analysis take a closer look.

科学家们已经证明体育运动能促进心理健康,但对于健身锻炼能否防御精神疾病方面的研究为数不多。最近有项荟萃研究对此作了系统而深入的观察分析。

Can physical fitness protect against mental health conditions?

健身锻炼能否防御精神疾病吗?

Common mental health problems, such as depression and anxiety, are a growing global issue.

抑郁焦虑是常见的精神障碍疾病,现在正引起全球人们的关注。

They reduce overall wellbeing and life satisfaction, but they may also increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and increase mortality risk.

它会降低生活幸福感和生活满意度,还会增大心血管疾病(cardiovascular disease)和过早死亡风险(mortality risk)。

Although talking therapies and medication can help in many instances, they do not help everyone.

心理谈话疗法和药物治疗虽然多数情况下会有帮助,但不适用每个人。

An issue as substantial as mental health needs an effective public health strategy; stopping mental health issues before they begin would, of course, be ideal.

心理健康实质上涉及公共健康卫生,应采用有效预防措施应对。显然,最理想的是在疾病征兆出现前。

Researchers are focused on unraveling the myriad of factors that increase the risk of developing mental health conditions. Although it is not possible to alter some of these factors, such as genetics, it is possible to modify some lifestyle factors, including diet and physical activity.

研究人员重点研究了诱发心境健康疾病风险众多因素,有些因素是上苍赐给不能改变,如遗传基因,但生活方式,其中包括饮食和体育运动,就能起到良好防御作用。

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