幸福不幸福在自己感受,不由他人评说
Well-being in Later Life: The Mind Plays an Important Role
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2019-09-03 17:05
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火星译客

“Ageing itself is not inevitably associated with a decline in mood and quality of life,” says Prof. Karl-Heinz Ladwig, summarizing the results. “It is rather the case that psychosocial factors such as depression or anxiety impair subjective well-being*, the Head of the Mental Health Research Group at the Institute of Epidemiology II, Helmholtz Zentrum München and Professor of Psychosomatic Medicine at the TUM University Hospital explains. “And in the case of women, living alone also plays an important role.”

Karl-Heinz Ladwig)教授对对他的研究做了概括总结。他说:“感到自己老了无不与自己心情和生活得低劣有一定关联。那是影响自己主观幸福感的心理疾病,如抑郁症和焦虑等。”这位慕尼黑尼亥姆霍兹中心流行病学研究所精神卫生研究课题组长和慕尼黑技术大学(TUM)医院心身医学教授解释道:“对于老年妇女而言,独居生活也影响到她们的主观幸福感。”

“To date the impact of emotional stress has barely been investigated”

“迄今,精神压力的影响没有好好研究”

For the current study, Prof. Ladwig and his team relied on data derived from about 3,600 participats with an average age of 73 who had taken part in the population-based KORA-Age Study**. “What made the study particularly interesting was the fact that the impact of stress on emotional well-being has barely been investigated in a broader, non-clinical context,” explains PD Dr. Karoline Lukaschek, epidemiologist in the Mental Health Research Group and lead author of the paper. “Our study therefore explicitly included anxiety, depression and sleep disorders.”

Ladwig教授及其团队研究了约3600名老人数据。这些老人平均年龄为73岁,曾是基于人口的KORA年龄研究**对象。论文第一作者、心理健康研究课题组流行病学家 Karoline Lukaschek博士解释道,“它之所以引起我们兴趣,是因为许多非临床文献中几乎没涉及精神压力对幸福感影响的调查研究。因此,我们明确规定把焦虑、抑郁和睡眠障碍作为我们研究重点。“

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