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毅力培养意志,增强抗病能力

Perseverance Cultivates Purposefulness and Boosts Resilience
毅力培养意志,增强抗病能力
1230字
2019-10-03 20:40
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火星译客

People who refuse to give up on achieving specific goals and approach challenges with a positive outlook are at lower risk of clinical depression (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and panic disorder (PD), according to a recently published report of 3,294 adults who were studied for almost two decades starting in the mid-1990s. This paper, "Relation Between Cognitive and Behavioral Strategies and Future Change in Common Mental Health Problems Across 18 Years," was published online May 2 in the Journal of Abnormal Psychology

美国心理学今年5月2日《变态心理学杂志( the Journal of Abnormal Psychology)》在线发表了一篇文章《毅力培养意志,增强抗病能力(Perseverance Cultivates Purposefulness and Boosts Resilience)》。该文告诉我们,坚持自己生活目标追求(在人生长河中从不放弃自己理想)和乐观地面对挫折似乎可减少罹患重度抑郁(MDD)、广泛性焦虑障碍(GAD)和恐慌症(PD)疾病风险。

Sander van der Werf/Shutterstock

Data for this longitudinal cohort study was collected from the same participants three times over 18 years. The first data collection period was between 1995 to 1996; the second round occurred between 2004 to 2005, and the final surveys were taken between 2012 to 2013.

该项长达18年的荟萃研究分三次收集了美国招募者纵向数据。第一次1995年至1996年;第二次2004年至2005年之间,最后是在2012年至2013年。

During each evaluation, study participants filled out scale-based questionnaires designed to rate their degree of goal persistence (e.g., "When I encounter problems, I don't give up until I solve them"), self-mastery (e.g., "I can do just about anything I set my mind to"), and positive reappraisal (e.g., "I can find something positive, even in the worst situations").

研究人员在每个阶段都会要求招募者根据量表评估自己目标坚持程度(如“我遇到挫折,但我会设法解决它,决不放弃”)、自控能力(如:“我会做我想要做的事,决不动摇”)和对不幸事件的反思(如:“我能正确对待不幸事件”)。

Notably, participants who showed more robust goal persistence and higher degrees of "looking on the bright side" from the time of their first assessment in the mid-1990s also experienced lower rates of depression, anxiety, and panic disorders across the 18-year span of the study, according to the authors.

值得注意的是,研究发现20世纪90年代中期第一次评估评估为坚持追求生活目标和开朗乐观的招募者,18年来很少出现抑郁、焦虑障碍和恐慌症。

Resolute "goal persistence" (Wrosch et al., 2000) along with using an explanatory style called "positive reframing" to find silver-linings in potentially dire situations (Lambert et al., 2009), appear to be a winning combination for keeping a wide range of mental health issues at bay.

”坚持目标追求“( Wrosch et al。,2000 )和积极构思不幸事件归因方法,就能在困难条件下找到光明。它是赢得事业成功、预防心理疾病的绝妙组合。

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