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肠脑连接:心情低落,肠道不畅——微生物传递功能

Why we feel emotions in our guts, and what microbes have to do with it
肠脑连接:心情低落,肠道不畅——微生物传递功能
939字
2019-08-28 22:05
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火星译客

In the dark, oxygen-free zone of our large intestines, a vast community of life is flourishing. Scientists say there are more than 100 trillion microbes living there, and if you gathered them all together, they would weigh more than our brains.

在我们漆黑无氧漫长区域的肠道,活跃着大量微小生命体(菌群)。科学家估计,肠道共有100兆微小生物,把它们堆积在一起会比人的脑袋还重。

In his new book, "The Mind-Gut Connection," Dr. Emeran Mayer explains how these microscopic organisms insert themselves into the running dialogue between the brain and the gut. In the process, he says, they help determine how stressed out we get, when we get sick and how quickly we recover.

Emeran Mayer博士所著的《肠脑连接(The Mind-Gut Connection)》一书中,他解释了这些微小生物群如何参与肠脑对话。他认为,微生物确定我们感知承受的压力、患病时间以及康复快慢。

Mayer is the director of the UCLA Oppenheimer Family Center for Neurobiology of Stress and the co-director of the CURE: Digestive Diseases Research Center. He has been studying interactions between the gut and the mind for 30 years.

Mayer是加州大学洛杉矶分校应激神经生物学 Oppenheimer家庭中心主任和消化疾病研究中心(CURE)副主任。 30年来,他一直在研究肠道和大脑之间相互作用。

Part of what inspired him to write the book was the lack of concrete information about how the gut microbiome affects our mental state.

肠道微生物组怎么影响人精神状态,当时确实是个谜团。这是激励作者撰写该书部分原因。

"People have written some very speculative and provocative review articles about how microbes might regulate human emotions," said Mayer, a gastroenterologist. "What I have tried to do is be critical and extract what we know so far and speculate about what this could imply."

胃肠病学家Mayer说:“过去发表的关于微生物组如何调节人的情绪文章,有些是推测性和煽动性。我现在做的是对那些观点批判性地吸收,并提出我的认识。”

Mayer spoke to the Los Angeles Times about the tiny creatures that may have an outsize influence on our physical and psychological health.

Mayer对《洛杉矶时报》讲述了这种微小生命体对人的身体和心理健康有着重大影响。

What's so special about the gut?

大肠的奇异特性

The gut is a much more complicated system than most people realize. People think it is this machine that processes, transports and absorbs foods. In reality it is an extensive sensory system, signaling system and immune system.

大肠是人们尚未完全认识的复杂系统,通常认为它仅是消化、吸收和传输食物的器官;事实上,它有功能强大的感官、传感和免疫系统。

3 条评论
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    0
    火星译客
    益生菌不能断
    2个月前
    回复
    I think if we have this conversation in five years, then I could say yes or no, this is confirmed, this is not.这句的翻译应该是在五年内而不是五年前吧
    0
    火星译客
    jiong
    2个月前
    回复
    I think if we have this conversation in five years, then I could say yes or no, this is confirmed, this is not. 我想,如果我们五年后谈这个问题,我可能难以确定,现在可肯定地说没有关联.
    0
    火星译客
    jiong
    2个月前
    回复
    不是五年内而是五年后.

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